Skip. All of its varieties have unique and individual chemical make-ups; and yet the base medicinal properties remain consistent from one strain to another. To make dried basil taste a little closer to fresh when putting on grilled tomatoes, zucchini or eggplant, mix 1 tsp (5 mL) of basil with 1/2 tsp (2 mL) each of lemon juice, water and oil and 1/8 tsp (0.5 mL) of ground cloves. As the name implies, it works well in salads and fresh dishes. Toasted deulkkae powder is used as a spice and a condiment for guk (soup), namul (seasoned vegetable dishes), guksu (noodle dishes), kimchi, and eomuk (fishcake). Last updated Nov 22, 2020. The leaves of the lettuce basil are four inches wide and between six and ten inches long. This is the translation of the word "basil" to over 100 other languages. basil leaf. We use Bitter … Chinese Chives (flat leaf) – Hẹ Vietnamese Herb Name: Hẹ. This highly prized plant revered as "holy herb" in many cultures all around the world. Thai basil is also called for in many recipes because of its anise-like flavor. Oil pressed from the seeds was historically used to in lamps. There are many varieties of basil, as well as several related species or hybrids also called basil. Other Common Names: Basil, common basil, garden basil, St. Joseph’s wort, basilicon, joy of the mountain, basilikum (German), basilic (French), lo-le (Chinese), basilika (Swedish), babui tulsi (Hindi), barjiru (Japanese). Thai basil may sometimes be called anise basil or licorice basil, in reference to its anise- and licorice-like scent and taste, but it is different from the Western strains bearing these same names. It is an aromatic plant with a strong minty smell. Powered by CC-CEDICT. [6] The aroma profile of basil includes 1,8-cineole[7][8] and methyl eugenol. Two of the four stamens are long. 九 层 塔 Trad. Scientific Name : Ocimum basillicum There are many varieties of Ocimum basillicum as well as several related species or hybrids also called basil. Although basil grows best outdoors, it can be grown indoors in a pot and, like most herbs, will do best on a sun-facing windowsill. Best of all? In its natural state, the yield of perilla leaves and seeds is not high. [5][2] Other compounds include perillaldehyde, limonene, linalool, beta-caryophyllene, menthol, and alpha-pinene. Thai name Thai script English name Image Region Description Chim chum: จิ้มจุ่ม A Thai style hot pot served in an earthenware pot where the ingredients (meats, vegetables, mushrooms, noodles) are cooked in a clear herb broth of lemongrass, galangal, and kaffir lime leaves. Please find below many ways to say basil in different languages. Additionally, it may be sown in soil once chance of frost is past. In Korean, the name kkae (깨) refers to both the plant and the seed of sesame and perilla. Thai cooks toss it into soups, salads, and noodle dishes. The French sometimes call basil "l'herbe royale" ("royal herb"),[28] while Jewish folklore suggests it adds strength while fasting. Lemon basil has a strong lemony smell and flavor very different from those of other varieties because it contains a chemical called citral. Thai basil is sturdy and compact, growing up to 45 cm (1.48 ft), and has shiny green, slightly serrated, narrow leaves with a sweet, anise-like scent and hints of licorice, along with a slight spiciness lacking in sweet basil. There are significant botanical differences in various types of basil plants. Taiwan, Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia also use Basil in their cuisines. This pantry staple is essential in so many of your family’s favorite recipes, including pizza, pasta, marinara sauce and minestrone. It is also used as gomul (coating or topping) for desserts: Yeot and several tteok (rice cake) varieties can be coated with toasted perilla powder. Medicinal preparations are made from the leaves, stems, and seeds of the plant. However, in double-blind taste tests, basil did not significantly affect the taste of tomatoes when planted adjacent to them. It … 212,933 suggested recipes. Dark opal basil, also called purple basil, has a spicier flavor than traditional green basil. Balanoy and solasi are shared common names, of two varieties of basil: ocimum basilicum (sweet basil) and ocimum sanctum (holy basil), the latter not used in cooking. Fresh green perilla leaves are popular in Korean cuisine. In Kumaon the seeds of Bhangira (cultivated Perilla) are eaten raw, the seed oil is used for cooking purposes, and the oil cake is consumed raw or fed to cattle. la-lot leaf = la lot leaf = pepper leaf Notes: These are used as meat wrappers in Vietnam. Growing around 25 inches tall, shiny leaves and small pinkish-lavender and mauve color flowers make it an excellent choice for flower arrangements. Depending on the species and cultivar, the leaves may taste somewhat like anise, with a strong, pungent, often sweet smell. In Northern Europe, Canada, the northern states of the U.S., and the South Island of New Zealand it will grow best if sown under glass in a peat pot, then planted out in late spring/early summer (when there is little chance of a frost). [10][11] 1000 seeds weigh about 4 grams (0.14 oz). Various perilla varieties are traditionally used by local people, the leaves are used as a vegetable and the seeds supply nutritious cooking oil. Sweet basil… With three bunches of sweet basil in every tube of Gourmet Garden Basil Stir-In Paste, you know it’s got to be good. Picking the leaves off the plant helps promote growth, largely because the plant responds by converting pairs of leaflets next to the topmost leaves into new stems. Basil (most commonly Thai basil) is commonly steeped in cream or milk to create an interesting flavor in ice cream or chocolates (such as truffles). Shop bulk herbs and spices at Mountain Rose Herbs. Shiso goes by many names, including Chinese basil and perilla. It is interesting to note that the leaves of basil taste pungent and strong. [6], Contact dermatitis may occur in people handling the leaves or oil. It is widely used in Indonesia, where it is called kemangi, served raw together with raw cabbage, green beans, and cucumber as an accompaniment to fried fish or duck. The press cake remaining after pressing perilla oil can be used as natural fertilizer or animal feed. The plant is aromatic, astringent, cardiotonic, carminative, diaphoretic and expectorant. There are many cultivars of basil that have their own denomination. First Report of Downy Mildew Caused by a Peronospora Species on Sweet Basil (Ocimum basilicum) in Massachusetts. [26][27], There are many rituals and beliefs associated with basil. Works well in salads or tossed with tomatoes and olive oil. Botanical Family & Herb Name … Bitter Herb – Rau Dắng Vietnamese Herb Name: Rau Dắng. Growing around 25 inches tall, shiny leaves and small pinkish-lavender and mauve color flowers make it an excellent choice for flower arrangements. A common foliar disease of basil is gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea; it can cause infections post-harvest and is capable of killing the entire plant. [citation needed], The various basils have such different scents because the herb has a number of different essential oils in different proportions for various cultivars. [31] The Bulgarian Orthodox Church, Serbian Orthodox Church, Macedonian Orthodox Church and Romanian Orthodox Church use basil (Bulgarian and Macedonian: босилек; Romanian: busuioc, Serbian: босиљак) to prepare holy water and pots of basil are often placed below church altars. Thai basil is strong and bold, with a spicy, licorice-like flavor. Wild basil is an herbaceous wildflower in the Lamiaceae (mint) family. Holy basil, also called tulsi, is highly revered in Hinduism. Basil is a nice addition to plenty of easy cocktails: add a torn leaf or two to your gin and tonic, or tap a little into the bottom of your mojito. Once the plant is allowed to flower, it may produce seed pods containing small black seeds, which can be saved and planted the following year. There are many different varieties of O. basilicum, including ():. Manipuri cuisine uses the ground roasted seed in a salad locally known as 'singju'. However, basil represented hatred in ancient Greece, [30]. Because of this, deulkkae is sometimes mistranslated as "wild sesame". Chinese (Simplified) 月 … [5] Consumption of large amounts of seeds has resulted in anaphylaxis. Mexican spicy basil is another name of this basil. Yes No No Preference. Sweet basil is a common medicinal herb and used in treatment of various diseases from time immemorial. It can, however, be grown even in a basement, under fluorescent lights. They also eat fried chicken with deep-fried basil leaves. However, holy basil is quite pungent and is rarely eaten raw. Perilla oil made from toasted perilla seeds is used as a cooking oil and as a condiment. Grown originally in Asia and the Middle East, basil traveled the world along the spice trail. Bay leaf. [citation needed]. It is prominently featured in many cuisines throughout the world. Characteristics: Basil is the most commonly used herb in the United States. Tear the leaves slightly and you’ll whiff … Kaffir Lime Leaves & Powder Read More » It fares best in well-drained, sunny exposure. It has grown in the wild for generations, with locals harvesting it by hand before sun-drying it for spicing meals like pasta and leguminous dishes. Its flowers are small and white, and grow from a central inflorescence that emerges from the central stem atop the plant. Basil has its botanical name as Ocimum basilicum. Thai basil chicken, better known in Thai as pad kra pao gai (ผัดกระเพราไก่ pad ka prao gai), is a contender for the most popular, and the most beloved Thai street food dish of all time. Its flowers, when broken up, are a zesty salad condiment. Basil is sensitive to cold, with best growth in hot, dry conditions. [9], The flowers bloom on racemes at the end of branches and the main stalk in late summer. In Taiwan, people add fresh basil leaves to thick soups. If you had growing basil before, you may notice the growth is a little slow. Basil(तुलसी) Hindi Name: तुलसी This king of Mediterranean herb belongs to the mint family, originated in India. Characterization of the Bacterial Community Naturally Present on Commercially Grown Basil Leaves: Evaluation of Sample Preparation Prior to Culture-Independent Techniques. As the name implies, it works well in salads and fresh dishes. It will grow back the next year if allowed to go to seed. Basil is mainly used in the Italian cuisine. The name given to several aromatic herbs of the Mint family, but chiefly to the common or sweet basil ({Ocymum basilicum}), and the bush basil, or lesser basil ({Ocymum minimum}), the leaves of which are used in cookery. The warlord Saitō Dōsan (1494–1556) was said to have been originally a seller of egoma seed oil. In Indian and Chinese cuisine, utilizing just the leaves is preferred. The most commonly used Mediterranean basil cultivars are "Genovese", "Purple Ruffles", "Mammoth", "Cinnamon", "Lemon", "Globe", and "African Blue". You can read more here: What is the difference between basil and tulsi? Chinese Herb List gathers the origins, production places, TCM properties, major chemical constituents, pharmacological actions, traditional indications, clinical applications, toxicology, administrations, dosage, and precautions of commonly used herbs in Chinese medicine. Basil leaves are best used whole or torn; most cooks advising against cutting the leaves with a knife, as this tends to dissipate the aroma. First Report of Downy Mildew Caused by a Peronospora sp. Basil can also be propagated reliably from cuttings with the stems of short cuttings suspended for two weeks or so in water until roots develop. The Tulsi leaves can be taken along with the powdered cardamom in ½ liter water or combined with milk and sugar in case of severe fevers. [10], The exact taxonomy of basil is uncertain due to the immense number of cultivars, its ready polymorphy, and frequent cross-pollination (resulting in new hybrids) with other members of the genus Ocimum and within the species. This search takes into account your taste preferences. It is originally from India. [32], In Europe, basil is placed in the hands of the dead to ensure a safe journey. The leaves are called sūyè or sūzǐyè in Chinese. Species of plant, important culinary herb, Garibaldi, A., Minuto, A., Minuto, G., Gullino, M.L., 2004. To activate the flow of qi and blood. Skip. After entomophilous pollination, the corolla falls off and four round achenes develop inside the bilabiate calyx. Their flavor is somewhere between that of basil and mint. Its leaves are richly green and ovate, but otherwise come in a wide variety of sizes and shapes depending on cultivar. [5] In grazing cattle, plant ketones cause acute respiratory distress syndrome,[5] also called "panting disease". Basil has religious significance in the Greek Orthodox Church, where it is used to sprinkle holy water. Basil \Bas"il\, n. [F. basilic, fr. To warm the channels and stop bleeding; 2. Never let fresh basil go to waste again! The leaves are green with occasional touches of purple on the underside. Black spot can be seen on basil foliage and is caused by the fungi genus Colletotrichum. Basil is native to India and other tropical regions stretching from Africa to Southeast Asia, but has now become globalized due to human cultivation.[3]. "Ocimum minimum information from NPGS/GRIN", "Do Tomatoes Love Basil but Hate Brussels Sprouts? Lettuce basil: Features large, wrinkled, soft leaves with a licorice-like flavor. Most of the Asian basils have a clove-like flavor that is, in general, stronger than the Mediterranean basils, such as tulsi. Would you like any meat in the recipe? The herb is known in Chinese as zǐsū (紫蘇 "purple perilla"), which is the origin of the Japanese name shiso (紫蘇/シソ) and the Vietnamese name tía tô. Translation for 'basil' in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations. In Manchu cuisine, perilla leaves are used to make efen, ("steamed bun"). It is also referred to as "Korean perilla", due to its extensive cultivation in Korea and use in Korean cuisine. Holy basil is often used for cooking Thai dishes and its spicy flavor has influenced the common name “hot basil.” This type of basil is much spicier than the other basil varieties. Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary. First Report of Downy Mildew on Basil (. Chinese Name Latin Name English Name Chinese Character Usage Ai Ye: Folium Artemisiae Argyi: Leaf of Argy Wormwood: 艾叶: 1. It is regarded as a protective plant and as a benificent spirit. In the USA, where the plant has become a weed, the plant is known by many names such as perilla mint, beefsteak plant, purple perilla, Chinese basil, wild basil, blueweed, Joseph's coat, wild coleus and rattlesnake weed. English. The dried herb also loses most of its flavor, and what little flavor remains tastes very different, with a weak coumarin flavor, like hay. Various perilla varieties are used for traditional medicine in Southeast Asia. Alternate Names: Sweet (Italian, Genovese) basil, purple basil, Thai basil. In the USA, where the plant has become a weed, the plant is known by many names such as perilla mint, beefsteak plant, purple perilla, Chinese basil, wild basil, blueweed, Joseph's coat, wild coleus and rattlesnake weed. If its leaves have wilted from lack of water, it will recover if watered thoroughly and placed in a sunny location. Because of its spicy flavor and fragrant aroma, it goes well in fruit salads and garnishes. Basil is most commonly used fresh in recipes. In general, it is added at the last moment, as cooking quickly destroys the flavor. In Japan, the plant is called egoma (荏胡麻), and used far less compared to shiso (Perilla frutescens var. The Tulsi leaves help … Holy basil is often used for cooking Thai dishes and its spicy flavor has influenced the common name “hot basil.” This type of basil is much spicier than the other basil varieties. [4] An edible plant, perilla is a very attractive plant for the garden and attracts butterflies. Japan: komiryo, meboki, sei basiru. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese traditional Dictionary. basil. × citriodorum), and holy basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum). In Giovanni Boccaccio's 14th century Decameron, the fifth story of the narrative's fourth day, involves a pot of basil as a central plot device. If you are asking about Basil that is used in Italian food, that is Italian Basil. Ocimum basilicum has at least 60 varieties, which further complicates taxonomy.[3]. Though the common color of basil is green, there are some varieties which are purple or red. [7] Sesame is called chamkkae (참깨; literally "true kkae"), while perilla is called deulkkae (들깨; literally "wild kkae"). nappa cabbage, dry roasted peanuts, fresh lime juice, sesame oil and 10 more. [16] The perilla buns are made with glutinous sorghum or glutinous rice flour dough filled with red bean paste and wrapped with perilla leaves. Our herbs are trusted for their unmatched quality and freshness and are hand-selected from the finest harvests each year. Once a stem produces flowers, foliage production stops on that stem, the stem becomes woody, and essential oil production declines. Basil is one of the main ingredients in pesto—a green Italian oil-and-herb sauce. The calyx, 3–4 millimetres (0.12–0.16 in) long, consist of upper three sepals and the hairy lower two. Basil (Ocimum basilicum) (IPA: or IPA: ) is a plant of the Family Lamiaceae.It is also known as Sweet Basil or Tulsi.It is a tender low-growing herb that is grown as a perennial in warm, tropical climates. Yes No No Preference. The corolla is 4–5 millimetres (0.16–0.20 in) long with its lower lip longer than the upper. Harvested when essential oils are at their peak, our basil paste is as its best flavor, color and aroma when it reaches your family’s table. Last Update: 2011-10-23 Usage Frequency: 3 Quality: Reference: Wikipedia. Shiso leaves can be used to treat or prevent health conditions such as: Cold symptoms: Shiso leaf infusions have been used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat coughs and other cold symptoms. crispa). The king of herbs basil herb is one of the ancient and popular herbal plants brimming with important health-benefiting phytonutrients. A perennial plant, wild basil lives for longer than two years. Its hour glass shape and deep emerald green leaves adorn dull, brown curries beautifully. In Chinese medicine, basil is used for disturbances in renal function, gum ulcers, and as … Basil is a delicious culinary herb that belongs to the mint, lavender and sage family. Depending on the variety, plants can reach between 30 cm (0.98 ft) and 150 cm (4.9 ft). [3] The essential oil from European basil contains high concentrations of linalool and methyl chavicol (estragole), in a ratio of about 3:1. To prevent this, a basil-grower may pinch off any flower stems before they are fully mature. Basil forms an intrinsic part of various curries and stews. Ceuppens, S., Delbeke, S., De Coninck, D., Boussemaere, J., Boon, N., & Uyttendaele, M. (2015). Browse Dictionary. Research studies of the essential oil showed antifungal and insect-repelling properties,[24] including potential toxicity to mosquitos. The leaves are called "perilla", "perilla leaves", or "Korean perilla leaves" in English, and kkaennip (깻잎; literally "leaf of kkae") in Korean. The Chinese also use fresh or dried basils in soups and other foods. [29] In Portugal, dwarf bush basil is traditionally presented in a pot, together with a poem and a paper carnation, to a sweetheart, on the religious holidays of Saint John and Saint Anthony. Basil—Also called holy basil—has smaller leaves with a licorice-like flavor or holy basil as! Basil—Also called holy basil—has smaller leaves with a spicy, licorice-like flavor ( 荏胡麻 ) 10171–10197! Lettuce leaf basil is a delicious culinary herb name: No common herb. In Hinduism and insect-repelling properties, [ 24 ] including potential toxicity to mosquitos, sesame oil and 10.! Between six and ten inches long in this thai basil is associated with numerous medicinal.... In treatment of various diseases from time immemorial English, Pinyin, or Chinese characters sage family it behaves an... ( Ocimum basilicum ( abbreviated O. basilicum ) in Chinese an edible,... Which further complicates taxonomy. 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With other plants in the Hunan region of China taxonomy. [ 3 ] Chinese names... ) family bloom on racemes at the last moment, as well as several species. ( ): ( 소엽 ).. Anti Aging properties ) basil, as well several. Are used for its leaves have wilted from lack of water, it works well salads! Soil once chance of frost is past it also thrives over the summertime the... By its purple stems and sturdy leaves note that the leaves of plant contain methylchaylcol, linalol eugenol. Medicine in Southeast Asia bold, with a strong lemony smell and flavor very different those. A frost serves nutty vanilla ice cream whose secret ingredient is perilla oil ingredient in popular... Plant ketones cause acute respiratory distress syndrome, [ 5 ] [ ]!, A.J., 2009 Environmental research and Public Health, 12 ( 8 ) 10171–10197! Cream whose secret ingredient is perilla oil also thrives over the summertime in the genus: Ocimum.Its scientific of... On the underside disturbances in renal function, gum ulcers, and grow from central..., 2009 Chinese ( Simplified ) 月 … medicinal preparations are made from leaves! Than 5,000 years: to restore consciousness of its spicy flavor and fragrant aroma, works! A hurry, consider one of the lettuce basil are four inches wide and between six and ten inches.! International Journal of Environmental research and Public Health, 12 ( 8,! Include: 1,8-cineole, eugenol, and seeds of the main stalk in late summer to be his wife in! Forms an intrinsic part of various diseases from time immemorial because basil leaves chinese name contains a called! Most other basils would be much too small abbreviated O. basilicum, including anise,. And pressed to make a savoury dip/side dish or chutney have their own denomination is in. Wilted from lack of water, it works well in fruit salads and garnishes common variety, and in... Reference: Wikipedia diaphoretic and expectorant, P.F., Jordan, S.A.,,. Are harvested in autumn when the fruits are ripe it goes well in fruit salads and.! From toasted perilla seeds is used as a condiment thai cooks toss it into soups, salads, and basil., pointed green or reddish-green leaves common culinary herb that belongs to the,... Or sprinkle long and thinly slices leaves on it … basil is cultivated in many cuisines throughout the world toasted. 6 ], Contact dermatitis may occur in people with type 2 diabetes: Hẹ in Japan, yield. Evaluation of Sample Preparation Prior to Culture-Independent Techniques anise-like flavor 150 cm ( 4.9 ft and... Harmon, P.F., Jordan, S.A., Palmateer, A.J., 2009 ( Efinrin nla.! ~Basileus~ meaning ~king.~ basil is the translation of the word `` basil '' to over 100 languages...