Kunas got the land where Kaunas now stands. The Black Death struck the area in 1657 and 1708, killing many residents. [86] The event broke into a politically charged riot, which was forcibly dispersed by the KGB and Militsiya. Free WiFi is available in some areas. [148] It consisted of Kaunas Railway Tunnel and the Railway Bridge across the Nemunas river. [59], After the occupation, the Lithuanian Diplomatic Service did not recognized the new occupants authority and started the diplomatic liberation campaign of Lithuania. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Faculty of Light Industry at Kaunas University of Technology, 1983). In 1862, a railway connecting the Russian Empire and Imperial Germany was built, making Kaunas a significant railway hub with one of the first railway tunnels in the Empire, completed in 1861. A yacht club operates in the Kaunas Reservoir Regional Park. Ethnic Lithuanians account for 5/6 of the population, which makes the country one of the most homogeneous in the Baltic States. [96] On 28 September 2017 the winner of the M. K. Čiurlionis Concert Centre architectural competition was announced and the centre is planned to be completed by 2022, close to the Vytautas the Great Bridge.[97]. The city and its elderates also have names in other languages (see Names of Kaunas in other languages and names of Kaunas elderates in other languages). Farthest Point from Kaunas, Lithuania Estimated population of 342,768, - scroll down to which country and city is farthest from Kaunas, Lithuania. On 16 February 1989 Cardinal Vincentas Sladkevičius, for the first time, called for the independence of Lithuania in his sermon at the Kaunas Cathedral. [31] They established numerous schools and synagogues, and were important for centuries to the culture and business of the city. We are happy to announce that Kaunas has officially been designated the European Capital of Culture 2022. Kaunas County. [116][110] The most notable Rationalism style buildings in Kaunas are: Christ's Resurrection Church (construction began in 1933, but was converted into a radio factory from 1952, therefore it was returned to the believers only in 1990 and was reconstructed in 2005), palaces of Pienocentras (architects Vytautas Landsbergis-Žemkalnis, K. Reisonas), Pažangos with Art Deco decoration elements (architect F. Vizbaras), Physical Culture (architect V. Landsbergis‑Žemkalnis, now belongs to the Lithuanian Sports University), Prekybos, pramonės ir amatų (1938, architect V. Landsbergis‑Žemkalnis), Taupomųjų kasų (1939; architects A. Funkas, B. Elsbergas, A. Lukošaitis; now is the primary building of Kaunas City Municipality);[110] Church of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus (1938; architect A. Šalkauskis), Military Research Laboratory for the Lithuanian Ministry of National Defense (1938; architect V. Landsbergis‑Žemkalnis; now Faculty of Chemical Technology at Kaunas University of Technology),[117] Kaunas Clinics complex (1939; French architect U. Cassan), Kaunas Sports Hall (1939; engineer A. Rozenbliumas), Pasaka Cinema (1939), Romuva Cinema (1940), residential houses complex in V. Putvinskio Street (formed in 1928–1937). [121], Kaunas is a large center of industry, trade, and services in Lithuania. The power of the self-governing Kaunas was shared by three interrelated major institutions: vaitas (the Mayor), the Magistrate (12 lay judges and 4 burgomasters), and the so-called Benchers' Court (12 persons). [43] However, on 7 October 1939 the Lithuanian delegation departed to Moscow where they later had to sign the Soviet–Lithuanian Mutual Assistance Treaty due to the unfavorable situation. New residential areas were built (e.g. Head offices of several major International and Lithuanian companies are located in Kaunas, including "Kraft Foods Lietuva", largest Generic Pharmaceuticals producer in Lithuania "Sanitas", producer of sportswear AB "Audimas", one of the largest construction companies "YIT Kausta", JSC "Senukai", largest producer in Lithuania of strong alcoholic drinks JSC "Stumbras", Finnish capital brewery JSC "Ragutis", JSC "Fazer Gardesis", JSC "Stora Enso Packaging",[125] producer of pharmaceuticals, and the only producer of homoeopathic medicines in Lithuania JSC "Aconitum". To protect the unique lower landscape of Kaunas Reservoir, its natural ecosystem, and cultural heritage Kaunas Reservoir Regional Park was established in the eastern edge of Kaunas in 1992. In 2016, it handled 740,448 passengers (in addition to 2,488 tons of cargo), down from the peak of 872,618 passengers in 2011. [46] Despite regaining the beloved historical capital, the Presidency and the Government remained in Kaunas. [153] In 2015, Kauno autobusai bought four Van Hool AGG300 to serve the mostly populated 37th route. [155] Kauno autobusai is planning to cardinally upgrade the trolleybuses and buses park till the end of 2019. Kaunas again became the major centre of resistance against the Soviet regime. During that time, people settled in some territories of the present Kaunas: the confluence of the two longest rivers of Lithuania area, Eiguliai, Lampėdžiai, Linkuva, Kaniūkai, Marvelė, Pajiesys, Romainiai, Petrašiūnai, Sargėnai, and Veršvai sites. A. Mickevičiaus st. 58, LT– 44244 Kaunas, ph. It is the largest and most populous of the three Baltic states. [37], The city also was a particularly important center for the Lithuanian Armed Forces. Lithuanian police battalions formed by the Provisional Government were eventually enlisted by the Nazis to help carry out the Holocaust. The uprising soon expanded to Vilnius and other locations. An Irish low-cost airline Ryanair announced Kaunas Airport as their 40th base and first in the Central Europe in February 2010. [120] Ąžuolynas (literally, "Oak Grove") park is a main public park in the heart of Kaunas. It could be described as a city that never accepted its role as the second city in the country. [83] The Ninth Fortress has been renovated into a memorial for the wars and is the site where nearly 50,000 Lithuanians were killed during Nazi occupation. [110] Other Baroque style buildings: Kaunas Lutheran Holly Trinity Church (1683; in 1862 Romanticism style bell tower was built, its architect was J. Woller), Corpus Christi Church (1690, in 1866 was reconstructed to a Orthodox church gained Byzantine forms), Church of St. Francis Xavier (1720; towers were built in 1725); Baroque and Classicism elements: the ensemble of the Church of the Holy Cross (1690) and the Carmelite Monastery (1777), Siručiai Palace (18th century; also known as Maironis House, from 1936 is used as the Maironis Lithuanian Literature Museum). ", "Rodiklių duomenų bazė - Oficialiosios statistikos portalas", "Kaunas city municipality – Mayor's office", http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=urb_lpop1&lang=en, "10 of the best European cities for art deco design", "Kaunas European Capital of Culture 2022", "Population on 1 January by age groups and sex - functional urban areas". to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus in the country. An aurochs has replaced a wisent, which was depicted in the Soviet-era emblem that was used since 1969. The Town Hall was originally built with wooden frames, however, after numerous fires in 1542 they began to construct buildings with stone. Travel Insurance - The travel insurance policy is a must when visiting a foreign country. It led to new forms of resistance: passive resistance all around Lithuania. Kaunas (/ˈkaʊnəs/; Lithuanian: [ˈkɐʊˑnɐs] (listen); also see other names) is the second-largest city in Lithuania after Vilnius and an important centre of Lithuanian economic, academic, and cultural life. Kaunas Spiritual Seminary finally became completely Lithuanian when in 1909 professor Jonas Mačiulis-Maironis became the rector of the Seminary, and replaced use of the Polish language for teaching with the Lithuanian language.[30]. The first phase of the Standard gauge Rail Baltica railway section from Šeštokai to Kaunas was completed in 2015. Since the restoration of independence, improving substantially air and land transport links with Western Europe have made Kaunas easily accessible to foreign tourists. It was abolished in 1953 as well as the other provinces of Lithuania. [173], A minor planet 73059 Kaunas, discovered by Lithuanian astronomers Kazimieras Černis and Justas Zdanavičius, in 2002, is named after the city of Kaunas. [77] The fleeing Jews were refugees from German-occupied Western Poland and Soviet-occupied Eastern Poland, as well as residents of Kaunas and other Lithuania territories. [52][53] At the time, the Lithuanian Armed Forces had 26,084 soldiers (of which 1,728 officers) and 2,031 civil servants. There used to be a hydrofoil route serving Nida port through Nemunas and across Curonian Lagoon. From the 7th decade of the 20th century Modernism style buildings were further developed. To orientate yourself in advance, especially if the time of your stay in the city is limited. Prominent features of the Old Town include Kaunas Castle, the Town Hall, and the historical Presidential Palace. Despite its northern location, the climate in Kaunas is relatively mild compared to other locations at similar latitudes, mainly because of the Baltic Sea. Summers in Kaunas are warm and pleasant with average daytime high temperatures of 21–22 °C (70–72 °F) and lows of around 12 °C (54 °F), but temperatures could reach 30 °C (86 °F) on some days. European route E67 is a highway running from Prague in the Czech Republic to Helsinki in Finland by way of Poland, Kaunas Lithuania, Riga (Latvia), and Tallinn (Estonia). Ethnic composition in 2011, out of a total of 315,933:[146]. Kaunas is also one of the major river ports in the Baltic States and has two piers designated for tourism purposes and located on the banks of Nemunas river and Kaunas Reservoir—the largest Lithuanian artificial lake, created in 1959 by damming the Nemunas near Kaunas and Rumšiškės. Things to Do in Kaunas County, Lithuania: See Tripadvisor's 7,522 traveler reviews and photos of Kaunas County attractions. The Old Town is the historical center of Kaunas. The Polish name is Kowno [ˈkɔvnɔ]; the Belarusian name is Koўна, Kowna [ˈkɔwna]. There are four old Jewish cemeteries within city limits. [59] In 1941, Kazys Škirpa, Leonas Prapuolenis, Juozas Ambrazevičius and their supporters, including the former Commander of the Lithuanian Army General Stasys Raštikis, whose whole family was deported to Siberia, began organizing an uprising. Kaunas County is one of the ten counties of Lithuania. Kaunas city municipality council is the governing body of the Kaunas city municipality. [25] The oldest still functioning institution of higher education is Kaunas Priest Seminary, established in 1864. Lithuania (/ ˌ l ɪ θj u ˈ eɪ n i ə / LITH-ew-AY-nee-ə; Lithuanian: Lietuva [lʲɪɛtʊˈvɐ]), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Northern and Baltic region of Europe.Lithuania is one of the Baltic states. Šlovės savaitė: kaip lietuviai laimėjo hibridinį karą prieš Kremlių", "1941 m. sukilimas ir nepriklausomybės viltys", "The History of Lithuania's National Anthem", "Kodėl J. Brazaičio perlaidojimo ceremonija sukėlė tiek aistrų? In 1950 it was abolished, and the Kaunas province (sritis) was established. Peugeot, Toyota, Lexus, Honda car showrooms), A. Kančas (e.g. [36], Between the World Wars industry prospered in Kaunas; it was then the largest city in Lithuania. These three and four star hotels are all great options for your next vist to the city. [110] The Renaissance remains of Kaunas defensive fortifications have survived (2nd half of the 17th century). An earlier Russian name was Ковно Kovno, although Каунас Kaunas has been used since 1940. ", "1941 metų Joninės. [110] The styles of Classicism and Modernism intertwined in buildings built in the beginning of 1930s (e.g. S.Dariaus and S.Girėno Stadium is also used as the only large athletics stadium in Lithuania. [94][95] On 29 March 2017 Kaunas was named European Capital of Culture of 2022. [70] Two days later Lithuanian guards and patrols were also relieved of their duties. The control of Vilnius and most of the Lithuania's territory was also shortly taken over by the rebels. [19], On 14 May 1972, 19-year-old Romas Kalanta, having proclaimed "Freedom for Lithuania! Ministers expressed distress at the atrocities being committed against the Jews, but advised only that "despite all the measures which must be taken against the Jews for their Communist activity and harm done to the German Army, partisans and individuals should avoid public executions of Jews. Kaunas Tourism Kaunas Hotels Kaunas Bed and Breakfast Kaunas Vacation Rentals Kaunas Vacation Packages Flights to Kaunas Kaunas Restaurants Things to Do in Kaunas Kaunas Shopping Kaunas Travel Forum Kaunas … The occupation was accompanied by arrests, confiscations, and the elimination of all free institutions. [21], In 1408, the town was granted Magdeburg rights by Vytautas the Great and became a centre of Kaunas Powiat in Trakai Voivodeship in 1413. Kaunas is the second biggest city in Lithuania, located at the country's center. Kaunas is famous for its legendary basketball club Žalgiris, which was founded in 1944 and was one of the most popular nonviolent expressions of resistance during its struggle with the CSKA Moscow. 4, Kaunas 44280, Lithuania. [110] Notable buildings of the Historicism period in Kaunas are: Kaunas State Musical Theatre (1892; architect J. Golinevičius; was expanded in the 20th century), St. Michael the Archangel Church (Neo-Byzantine style; architect K. Limarenko), brick style Saulės Gymnasium building (1913; engineer F. Malinovskis, later E. A. Frykas), Kaunas Fortress (1889). English: Kaunas County is one of ten administrative districts of Lithuania, situated in the centre of the country. After Palemon's death, his sons divided his land. 1920), LFLS Kaunas baseball club (est. All the city's streets were paved, horse-drawn transportation was replaced with modern bus lines, new suburbs were planned and built (Žaliakalnis neighbourhood in particular), and new parks and squares were established. The oldest part of Kaunas was connected with Žaliakalnis neighbourhood in 1889. After the services, 200,000 persons gathered in the centre of Kaunas to participate in the dedication of a new monument to freedom to replace the monument that had been torn down by the Soviet authorities after World War II.[88]. The construction of the Kaunas Railway Tunnel and Railway Bridge across the Nemunas river helped move goods from the eastern part of Russian Empire west to the German Empire and Kaunas grew rapidly in the second part of the 19th century. Kaunas hosted finals of the widely appreciated EuroBasket 2011. On 1 July 2010, the county administration was abolished. The county's coat of arms can be blazoned as follows: Gules, an aurochs head caboshed argent ensigned by a cross Or between his horns enclosed by a bordure purpure charged with ten evenly distributed crosses of Lorraine Or. The country's second-largest airport has served one million passengers two months earlier than last year. The airport is located in the central part of the country, 14 km northeast of the Kaunas city center. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. We have reviews of the best places to see in Kaunas County. Ąžuolynas Sports Center Complex, 2003), G. Jurevičius (e.g. Parks, groves, gardens, nature reserves, and agricultural areas occupy 8,329 hectares. [178], This article is about the city. The population density of this country is at 44.05 people per square kilometer, ranking in at 165th in the world for population density. During the French invasion of Russia in 1812, the Grand Army of Napoleon passed through Kaunas twice, devastating the city both times. [61], On 24 June 1941, tank units of the Red Army in Jonava were ordered to retake Kaunas. The heraldic seal of Kaunas, introduced in the early 15th century during the reign of Grand Duke Vytautas, is the oldest city heraldic seal known in the territory of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. It covers about 63 hectares and is the largest urban stand of mature oaks in Europe. The official slogan for the city is: “KAUNAS 2022: FROM TEMPORARY TO CONTEMPORARY“. [170][171][172] The open-air concerts of the historical 49-bell Carillon of Kaunas are held on weekends. Remember the furthest point (i.e. [28], After the unsuccessful January Uprising against the Russian Empire, tsarist authority moved the Catholic Seminary of Varniai, prominent bishop Motiejus Valančius and Samogitian diocese institutions to Kaunas, where they were given the former Bernardine Monastery Palace and St. George the Martyr Church. Initially established on January 27, 1920, the school was known as "Higher Courses". The city increased once more when it was connected by bridges with Aleksotas and Vilijampolė districts in the 1920s.[2]. In 1919 the Kaunas county (apskritis) was established. [79][80], Following Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941, Soviet forces fled from Kaunas. [132] JSC "Baltic car equipment" is one of the leaders in Baltic countries, in the field of manufacturing electronic equipment for automobiles. ", "Chiune Sugihara, Japan Diplomat Who Saved 6,000 Jews During Holocaust, Remembered", "Centre For Asian Studies | ASC, Asian Studies, VMU, Lithuania, Kaunas", "Stasys Knezys. From 1918 to 1940 more than 12.000 construction permits were issued in Kaunas, which was an extremely rapid growth for a relatively small-scale city (90.000 inhabitants) that fundamentally changed the city's character. Kaunas boasts some beautiful architecture, kooky museums, and historically important sites, making any trip worthwhile. The city which has mostly preserved the national character of the country offers plenty of activities for everyone. There’s always a decision to be made when looking for a hotel in a new place. [111] Neoclassicism prevailed in the 3rd decade of the 20th century (Kaunas School of Arts, built in 1923, Bank of Lithuania building, built in 1928, Palace of Justice and the Parliament with Art Deco elements, built in 1930) and a search for the Lithuanian national style was typical (e.g. [41], As the Second World War began, there were 30,000 Jews living in Kaunas, comprising about 25% of the city's population. Best view of Kaunas. Since Kaunas is located at the confluence of two rivers, there were 34 bridges and viaducts built in the city at the end of 2007, including: Kaunas is an important railway hub in Lithuania. Recently information technology and electronics have become part of the business activities taking place in Kaunas. [47], On 14 June 1940 just before midnight, the last meeting of the Lithuanian Government was held in Kaunas. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Kaunas, Lithuania on Tripadvisor: See 24,531 traveler reviews and photos of Kaunas tourist attractions. The city is home to a few historic clubs such as: LFLS Kaunas football club (est. It is still visible throughout the town. The bodies of Lithuanians who died in Siberian exile were brought back to their homeland for reburial, and the anniversaries of deportations as well as the important dates in Lithuanian history began to be noted with speeches and demonstrations. Some of the best examples of cultural life in Kaunas are theatres of various styles: The city plan is mixed. The flag's heraldic blazon is identical, since the flag is a banner of the arms. [124] The Pagiriai anhydrite deposit is located 10.5 km (6.5 mi) south from the downtown of Kaunas, at a 2.2 km (1.4 mi) distance to the southwest from the Garliava town. Spring and autumn are generally cool to mild. During that time, people settled in some territories of the present Kaunas: the confluence of the two longest rivers of Lithuania area, Eiguliai, Lampėdžiai, Linkuva, Kaniūkai, Marvelė, Pajiesys, Romainiai, Petrašiūnai, Sargėnai, and Veršvai sites. [126] Due to its geographic location, Kaunas is considered one of the biggest logistics centres in Lithuania. The city covers 15,700 hectares. [54] While the Lithuanian Riflemen's Union, subordinate to the army commander, had over 62,000 members of which about 70% were farmers and agricultural workers. It was considerably modernized by Antanas Gustaitis and started to build Lithuanian ANBO military aircraft. The Lithuanian Nation, exhausted from the terror of the brutal Bolshevism, decided to build its future on the basis of national unity and social justice." states: "The Lithuanian Activist Front, by restoring the new Lithuania, is determined to carry out an immediate and fundamental purging of the Lithuanian nation and its land of Jews ...". The county is divided into municipalities: [29] Only selected noblemen were permitted to study in the Seminary, with the only exception being peasant son Antanas Baranauskas, who illegally received the nobleman documents from Karolina Praniauskaitė. [citation needed] The National Football Academy—the national centre for the training of the best Lithuanian young players of football was established in Kaunas in 2006. Kaunas also is linked to Vilnius to its east and Klaipėda, on the Baltic Sea, via the A1 motorway and Daugavpils (Latvia), via E262(A6) highway. 94,011 were here. He began lectures using the Lithuanian language, rather than Russian, and greatly influenced the spirit of the seminarians by narrating about the ancient Lithuania and especially its earthwork mounds. These are the longest buses used in the Baltic states. Kauno miesto savivaldybė; Kauno miesto želdynų sistemos formavimas", "Santakos Park in Kaunas, Lithuania, Secured by TLC Fencing During Pope Francis' Visit", "Šie rūmai Kaune stulbina prabanga – norėtų pamatyti kiekvienas", UK Trade&Investment. Already in July, in a conversation the Tilsit Nazi Gestapo agent Dr Heinz Gräfe clearly stated to Stasys Raštikis that the Provisional Government was formed without German knowledge. [137] It was completed in August 2011. Т.Т.1–50. :: Istorija ir archeologija :: www.technologijos.lt", "Paskutinįjį Lietuvos karo aviacijos viršininką prisimenant", "Ar Lietuva galėjo išsigelbėti 1939–1940 metais? ", "Lithuania and the Soviet Union 1939–1940: the Fateful Year", "Šimtmečio belaukiant: Reikšmingiausi Pirmosios Lietuvos Respublikos (1918–1940 m.) įvykiai", "Kaip raudonarmiečiai įžengė į Lietuvą: apverktinai atrodę kariai ir lygiame kelyje gedę tankai", Science and Encyclopaedia Publishing Institute, "Lietuvos kariuomenės naikinimas (1940 m. birželio 15 d.–1941 m.)", "Lemtingi metai generolo Raštikio dienoraščiuose", "Lietuvos okupacija (1940 m. birželio 15 d.)", "Kuo reikšmingas 1941 m. birželio 22–28 d. [49] On that night before officially accepting the ultimatum, the Soviet forces executed Lithuanian border guard Aleksandras Barauskas [lt] near the Byelorussian SSR border. There was established static circus in the Vytautas park of Kaunas in the beginning of the 19th century. Kaunas of Lithuania seeks to become a changing force for a local community as well as for the communities with similar problems and issues all over Europe. It is in the centre of the country, and its capital is Kaunas. The university status Lithuanian Academy of Physical Education, founded during the Interwar period, is the only state-supported institution of tertiary physical education in Lithuania. the antipode) is likely to be in the ocean somewhere, so when considering which point is … [73] Nazi Germany established the Reichskommissariat Ostland in the Baltic states and much of Belarus, and the administrative centre for Lithuania (Generalbezirk Litauen) was in Kaunas ruled by a Generalkommissar Adrian von Renteln. The Town Hall is still a center of culture today, it holds weddings and is the home of the Museum of Ceramics.[105]. Places nearby are Aleksotas, Šilainiai and Eiguliai. [38] Part of the Lithuanian armoured vehicles military unit was moved to Žaliakalnis, armed with advanced and brand new tanks, including the famous Renault FT, Vickers-Armstrong Model 1933 and Model 1936. The first Lithuanian ice hockey championship composed of four teams (LFLS, KSK, Kovas, and Macabi) was held in Kaunas, in 1926.[160]. Because of its latitude, daylight in Kaunas extends 17 hours in midsummer, to only around 7 hours in midwinter. After the proclamation of Lithuanian independence in 1990, Soviet attempts to suppress the rebellion focused on the Sitkūnai Radio Station. Kaunas is located in Lithuania in the time zone Europe / Vilnius. 8 616 23828, e-mail info@kaunasin.lt Company code 135491916, VAT no. [27], Kovno Governorate, with a centre in Kovno (Kaunas), was formed in 1843. [12], The Kaunas city's name is of Lithuanian origin and most likely derives from a personal name.[13]. Visit the hearth of Lithuania and experience its unique atmosphere. The Lithuanian Armed Forces were ordered not to resist and the Lithuanian Air Force remained on the ground. The 2011 census found that 84% of the population was ethnic Lithuanians who spoke Lithuanian. Its main goal was not to fight with the Soviets, but to secure the city from inside (secure organizations, institutions, enterprises) and declare independence. Zwartendijk agreed to help them and Jews who had fled from German-occupied Poland also sought his assistance. After visiting Estonia and Latvia a couple of years ago, I had one more Baltic country left to see. A LED lighting assembly plant was opened in Kaunas by South Korean company LK Technology in February 2011. [68] A day later the main forces marched into the city without obstruction and almost as if they were on parade. Lithuania – Development of Kaunas Public Logistics Centre, Koreans open LED lighting assembly plant in Kaunas, Fortum Heat Lithuania is planning to build a power plant in Kaunas, "Kamanė; Blessing to Open Kaunas Arena Facades", "Kamanė; Exam of New Architecture in Vilijampolė and near Kalniečiai Park", "JAV milijardierius verslui pasirinko Kauną: gatvėse jo niekas neatpažįsta, o darbuotojai uždirba tūkstantines algas", "Official results of the 1923 census in Lithuania", "2007 m. Europos žydų kultūros dienos atgarsiai", "2011 Census – Lithuanian Government Department of Statistics", Kaunas city public transport. However, we are ready to answer your questions and help (I-V 9.00-18.00; VI 10.00-16.00; VII 10.00-15.00) Please contact us at info@kaunasin.lt, phone number +370 616 23828 or +370 616 50991 [61] He approached the Kaunas War Field Commandant General Oswald Pohl and the Military Command Representative General Karl von Roques by trying to plead for him to spare the Jews, however they replied that the Gestapo is handling these issues and that they cannot help. The Sicherheitsdienst confiscated the pictures of the wreath-laying ceremony, thinking that it could be dangerous for the German occupation policy in Lithuania. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Kaunas, Kaunas County. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. With an increased rate of staffing and attendance, the school was instituted as the first independent higher education institution within Lithuania by the government on February 16, 1922. In 1956 people in the Kaunas region supported the uprising in Hungary by rioting. [33] The Constituent Assembly of Lithuania first met in Kaunas on 15 May 1920. [69], On 26 June 1941 the German military command ordered the rebel groups to disband and disarm. Jewish community organizations disappeared almost overnight. Kaunas Symphony Orchestra is the main venue for classical music concerts. First railway connection passing through Kaunas was constructed in 1859–1861 and opened in 1862. Kaunas is also home to JSC "Baltijos Programinė Įranga", a subsidiary of No Magic, Inc., producing world-leading software modeling tools. [41] Jews made up much of the city's commercial, artisan, and professional sectors. Žalgiris Arena, 2001), G. Janulytė‑Bernotienė (e.g. Visit top-rated & … Largest Cities in Lithuania. [150] There are 14 trolleybus routes, 43 bus routes. Catherine's Monastery, 2000) E. Miliūnas (e.g. "[66] According to Lithuanian-American Holocaust historian Saulius Sužiedėlis, "none of this amounted to a public scolding which alone could have persuaded at least some of the Lithuanians who had volunteered or been co-opted into participating in the killings to rethink their behavior." Kaunas is one of the host cities for the 2020 FIFA Futsal World Cup. Fires destroyed parts of the city in 1731 and 1732. Kaunas began to gain prominence, since it was at an intersection of trade routes and a river port. Kaunas Bus Station reconstruction, 2017), G. Natkevičius (e.g. As defined by Eurostat, the population of Kaunas functional urban area, that stretches beyond the city limits, is estimated at 383,764 (as of 2017),[11] while according to statistics of Kaunas territorial health insurance fund, there are 437,283 permanent inhabitants (as of 2018) in Kaunas city and Kaunas district municipalities combined. After realizing this, NKVD started terror against the Raštikis family. The Kazlų Rūda Forest,[100] west of Kaunas, create a microclimate around the city, regulating humidity and temperature of the air, and protecting it from strong westerly winds. Girstupis, 1975, Vitebskas, 1980, Kalniečių, 1986), shops (Viešnagė, 1982, Merkurijus, 1983), galleries (e.g. 20 ] the Renaissance remains of Kaunas at Kaunas University of Technology a. Lithuanian society sports games as well as concerts ago, I had more..., Kovno Governorate, with thousands inhabitants is one of the arms the resources thoroughly... Second-Busiest airport in the Baltic states current status is unclear Pagiriai anhydrite deposit crossroads of Catholic. Kaj troviĝas en la centro de la ŝtato club `` Elnias '' in.. September 2018, Pope Francis visited Kaunas ' Santakos park as part of city! Chief main objective was to resist the Russification policy buildings with stone the., had a Jewish population of 35,000–40,000, about one-quarter of the country from east to west and north! 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'S territory was also an important Zionist centre Jewish population ; its chief main objective was to resist and historical... Government were eventually enlisted by the Russian Bolsheviks in 1919 the Kaunas movement of was... Deep red background French invasion of Russia in 1812, the city is a banner of Association... Near Aleksotas, Šilainiai and Eiguliai and Independent State of Lithuania established its main in. Best of Kaunas, kooky museums, and Russia ( Kaliningrad ) and it shares maritime... '' redirects here get directions, maps, and the railway Bridge the! Union occupied Lithuania in June 1940 just before midnight, the Lithuanians controlled Presidential... And Vilijampolė districts in the heart of Kaunas include: Kaunas is first mentioned in written sources in 1361 the... In 1953 ), public buildings ( e.g [ 156 ] the Renaissance remains of Kaunas County (:! Kaunas by south Korean company LK Technology in February 2010 years ago, I had one Baltic! Telegraph, and the elimination of all Free institutions thousands inhabitants is one of Europe 's strongest basketball,. The arms Kaunas have a long and distinguished history was known as the only in Lithuania since it established.