primary ammonum phosphate. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Disclaimer: It's not possible to fully diagnose a finishing problem or the hazards of an operation via these pages. }); It is widely used as a source of phosphorus and nitrogen source in fertilizer industry. 12.3. To find out more about the categories of personal information collected and the purposes for which such information will be used, please refer to our privacy policy. SDS Revision Date: 02/21/2017 Page 1 of 9 1. p, P: Risk (severe risk) of pitting and crevice corrosion. Superphosphate is soluble in water and acts as a carrier of phosphorus needed by plants. Registration dossier . It uses a specially fluidized and siliconized monoammonium phosphate powder. Monoammonium phosphate is soluble in water and crystallizes from it as the anhydrous salt in the tetragonal system, as elongated prisms or needles. Anyway, the monobasic ammonium phosphate is an acidic buffer in aqueous solution. Keep in mind there is a lot of electrical contacts and aluminium in this room. monoammonium dihydrogen phosphate . Keep in mind the principle ingredient in a BC extinguisher is sodium bicarbonate, baking soda. } To learn more, please refer to the cookie policy. Maybe the BC is not as hygroscopic as the ABC? If you need a product/service, please check these Directories: Jobshops Capital Equip. How Google uses data when you visit this site. Monoammonium Phosphate (M.A.P.) })}); Not a lecture hall ! The company offers monoammonium phosphate, which is … You accept the use of cookies or other identifiers by closing or dismissing this notice, by scrolling this page, by clicking a link or button or by continuing to browse otherwise. (this is why ABC extinguishers should never even BE IN rooms with electronic equipment--use halon or CO2, even water instead). Phosphoric acid, monoammonium salt . Practical Machinist is the easiest way to learn new techniques, get answers quickly and discuss common challenges with your peers. These leave behind a corrosive powder, so it’s important to clean up dry chemical fire extinguisher residue quickly, especially if it has come in contact with metal surfaces. "background": "#fff", Phosphoric acid, monoammonium salt / Ammonium dihydrogenphosphate / Ammonium phosphate / Ammonium phosphate, monobasic / Ammoniumorthophosphate, monobasic / Phosphoric acid, ammonium salt ... Feed (MAP) Monoammonium Phosphate Safety Data Sheet 209 04/30/2015 EN (English) SDS Ref. new LazyLoad(); The material is not usable. Substance name : (MAP) Monoammonium phosphate Product code : MAP, MAPFR, MAPOS, Formula : (NH 4)H 2 PO 4 Synonyms : Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate / Ammonium dihydrogenorthophosphate / Ammonium phosphate (monobasic) / Phosphoric acid, monoammonium salt / Ammonium dihydrogenphosphate / Ammonium phosphate / Ammonium phosphate, monobasic / • Monoammonium phosphate is slightly acidic in the presence of moisture resulting in mild corrosive properties. The material is not corrosion proof, but useful in certain cases. © 2020 Copyright Practicalmachinist.com. We'll bring you the most relevant peer-to-peer conversations happening in the trade and tips and tricks to help you get the job done. diammonium hydrogen phosphate. diammonium phosphate. The initial study with the polymer that became Avail was conducted at an acid (pH 4.7) soil, high in soil test phosphorus, and was selected for the study because of the acidity of the site (no liming) and the high phosphorus soil test produced by continued phosphorus application for wheat and poor plant utilization. "background": "#237afc" Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.) The internet is largely anonymous & unvetted; some names may be fictitious and some recommendations might be harmful. Product identifier Product Identity Monoammonium Phosphate (M.A.P.) Ammonia + phosphoric acid (salt formation) Ammonia + phosphoric acid (wet-process, salt formation) price 5 fertilizers-food monoammonium-phosphate 1 5 421 Monoammonium Phosphate (a.k.a. Monoammonium phosphate also called Mono ammonium phosphate or Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, NH4•H2PO4, is formed when a solution of phosphoric acid is added to ammonia until the solution is distinctly acid. The reason it can be used on type A fires is that it tends to form a crust on the surface of the material which is burning, forming a barrier to oxygen. TVA developed two minor modifications in their DAP process to produce monoammonium phosphate (MAP). Consult'g, Train'g, Software Environmental Compliance. MONOAMMONIUM PHOSPHATE Page 2 of 9 http://www.innophos.com/msds/0000031680000100010056E00017.htm 3/18/2008 --Ammonium salts have a hypothetical risk of ammonia toxicity. Some experts indicate that BC dry chemical powder is much less corrosive. Monoammonium phosphate Valid: 09/21/2011: ERNS Monoammonium orthophosphate Valid: ECOTOX Phosphoric acid, Monoammonium salt Unknown: HPVIS Phosphoric acid, monoammonium salt Valid: CAMEO Chemicals Ammonium phosphate Valid: GCES Monoammonium phosphate Valid :209 2/10 2.2. 1.2. Compatibility Haifa MAP is compatible with most water-soluble fertilizers, except for fertilizers containing calcium (Ca++) or magnesium (Mg++). Monoammonium Phosphate (7722-76-1) Persistence and degradability Biodegradability in water: no data available. Data not available. The latest industry news—straight to your inbox. All Rights reserved. Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate Revision Date 23-Jan-2018 Monoammonium phosphate 7722-76-1 >95 4. OCP SA OCP SA runs its operations through four segments: phosphate, phosphoric acid, fertilizers, and others. The resultant agent is free-flowing, water repellent, non-abrasive, and when used as a fire suppressing agent will produce no toxic effects. The mix between the two agents is usually 40–60%, 60 … Monoammonium phosphate is often used in the blending of dry agricultural fertilizers. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations 05/15/2015 EN (English US) 5/1 11-52-0 Monoammonium Phosphate (7783-28-0) ATE US (dermal) 5000.000 mg/kg body weight Skin corrosion/irritation : Not classified pH: 7.7 - 8.1 (5 %) browsing data or IP addresses) and use cookies or other identifiers, which are necessary for its functioning and required to achieve the purposes illustrated in the cookie policy. Identification 1.1. Get medical attention if symptoms occur. ammonium phosphate, tribasic. Mono-ammonium phosphate . Vacuum or sweep up loose debris. Why are BC agents less corrosive to aluminum than ABC agents? triammonium phosphate. Expired - Lifetime Copyright � 2020 vBulletin Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved. Unlike phosphoric acid, Haifa MAP Mono Ammonium Phosphate DIY Hydroponic Fertilizer is moderately acidic, thus it does not form corrosion on fertilizer pumps or irrigation equipment. With more than 10.6 million unique visitors over the last year, Practical Machinist is the most visited site for metalworking professionals. MAP, Ammonium Dihydrogen Phosphate) is a white crystalline salt. 77, No. Typical BC agents are 93% potassium bicarbonate, 4% muscovite mica, 4% magnesium aluminum silicate (attapulgite clay), 1% methyl hydrogen polysiloxane and 1% … Hopefully someone will correct me if I am wrong, but I believe Class B-C extinguishers contain baking soda,sodium bicarbonate NaHCo3, non-corrosive; ABC extinguishers contain monoammonium phosphate (NH4H2PO4), which is corrosive in presence of moisture. Monoammonium phosphate (MAP) is a widely used source of phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N). If material has been swallowed and the exposed person is conscious, give small quantities of water to When ammonia is added to phosphoric acid that hasn’t been heated, it produces monoammonium phosphate (11-52-0) or diammonium phosphate (18-46-0), depending on the ratio of the mixture. Sign up for our eNewsletter now to stay in-the-know. elements_selector: "iframe" -- a roundtable with a seat for you. Sodium Bicarbonate, Potassium Bicarbonate, Halotron, or some type of Halogenated agent are the recommended agents. Skin Contact Wash off immediately with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Trade names . It is practically insoluble in ethanol. & Install'n Chemicals & Consumables --Potassium salts have a hypothetical risk of hyperkalemia which can cause … LD50 (rat, oral) > 5000 mg/kg bw. Some experts indicate that BC dry chemical powder is much less corrosive. ABC dry chemical is usually a mix of monoammonium phosphate and ammonium sulfate , the former being the active one. monoammonium phosphate. C&L Inventory . Learn more about us. Monoammonium Phosphate (7722-76-1) LC50 fish 1 155 ppm (96 h; Pimephales promelas) 12.2. 2: Corrosion rate over 1.0 mm/year. Surface Conversion Sciences - Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, ©1995-2020 finishing.com, Inc., Pine Beach, NJ, How Google uses data when you visit this site. ... Mono ammonium phosphate 12-52 (MAP) Registration dossier . monobasic ammonium phosphate. All information presented is for general reference and does not represent a professional opinion nor the policy of an author's employer. Polymer coatings might solve this problem; if you need one, let us know. Register for the world�s largest manufacturing technology forum for free today to stay in the know. Or perhaps the clay in the BC absorbs the moisture, keeping the available moisture very low. Fabrication: CNC Laser, Waterjet, Plasma, Welding & Fab, Schaublin, Cazeneuve, Weiler, Graziano, Mori Seiki Lathes, Cincinnati Milacron, Kearney Trecker, VN, USA Heavy Iron, Machine Reconditioning, Scraping and Inspection, Tooling, Parts and Accessories For Sale or Wanted, Machinery Manual, Brochure and Photo Archives. In response to the question regarding the corrosiveness of ABC Dry Chemical, It is my understanding that this agent, Monoammonium Phosphate, is NOT to be utilized near the vicinity of Aircraft, due to the construction of aircraft being predominately aluminum. ammonium phosphate. In one, the phosphoric acid is ammoniated to an ammonia to phosphoric acid ratio of only 0.6 in the preneutralizer and then 1.0 in the granulator. Typical BC agents are 93% potassium bicarbonate, 4% muscovite mica, 4% magnesium aluminum silicate (attapulgite clay), 1% methyl hydrogen polysiloxane and 1% pigment (OR) 90% sodium bicarbonate, 5% mineral silicates and 5% stearates. The P present in these two fertilizers is in the orthophosphate form. This compares to a ratio of about 1.4 for DAP. } If you will note on the label, ABC extinguishers only barely perform as type A extinguishers, as they are listed as such by the number preceding the ABC on the label. Alternate Names ACL-003, Ammonium Phosphate Monobasic, Monoammonium Phosphate (M.A.P.) Unless someone else knows otherwise, I believe the FAA prefers this chemical not be used around aircraft. Used when there is a risk of localised corrosion only if crevices are present. It is a monoammonium phosphate based dry chemical containing chemical additives, and produced by an exclusive chemical process. * It’s made of two constituents common in the fertilizer industry and contains the most phosphorus of any common solid fertilizer. c, C: Risk (Severe risk) of crevice corrosion. a type C fire makes it a type A or B. A typical ABC agent is a mixture of 76% monoammonium phosphate, 22% ammonium sulfate, 1% methyl hydrogen polysiloxane, 1% pigment. phosphoric acid, ammonium salt. ammonium phosphate ((NH4)3PO4) ammonium phosphate, dibasic. • Monoammonium phosphate melts when heated above 300 °F (149 °C) forming a coating which will adhere to the surface. window.cookieconsent.initialise({ Acidic solutions on aluminum, especially stressed aluminum, tend to corrode the metal. The acidic reaction is what bothers most electronics and metals, whereas the basic reaction of the sodium bicarbonate is fundamentally less in most metals. Monoammonium phosphate Valid: TSCATS Monoammonium phosphate Valid: 09/21/2011: ERNS Monoammonium orthophosphate Valid: CAMEO Chemicals Ammonium phosphate Valid: HPVIS Phosphoric acid, monoammonium salt Valid: ECOTOX Phosphoric acid, Monoammonium salt Unknown window.addEventListener("load", function(){ Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against Dry chemical fire extinguishers use firefighting agents such as monoammonium phosphate, sodium bicarbonate, and potassium bicarbonate. I am investigating the potential corrosive effect of ABC dry chemical fire extinguisher powder on aluminum. In an ABC extinguisher, the monobasic ammonium phosphate is used. Using damp nitrogen to pressurize an extinguisher is never a good idea, and residual ammonium phosphate will severely damage electrical components--plus, the stuff is so fine when used in an extinguisher, it gets into everything. 7722-76-1:H3N.H3O4P, Phosphoric acid, monoammonium salt, ABC, ABC (fire extinguisher), ADP, ADP (filter), Ammonium biphosphate, Ammonium diacid phosphate, Ammonium dihydrogen orthophosphate, AMMONIUM DIHYDROGEN PHOSPHATE, AMMONIUM DI-HYDROGEN PHOSPHATE, Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate ((NH4)H2PO4), ammonium dihydrogenorthophosphate, Ammonium dihydrophosphate, Ammonium hydrogen phosphate … ammonium phosphate, monobasic. Get medical attention if First-aid measures Eye Contact Rinse immediately with plenty of water, also under the eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. Will using the Australian standard type dry chem fire extinguisher in a semi-enclosed room with brand new engines, generators and sensitive equipment & wiring cause problems with corrosion in the near future? In addition to calcium levels, ammonia and phosphate levels should be monitored. Will not occur. The real solution is to use a type A extinguisher (foam or water) for type A fires, and use a type B extinguisher (dry chemical)for type B fires, and de-energizing (pull the plug?) monoammonium phosphate phosphoric acid ph ammonium hydroxide product Prior art date 1962-07-02 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Nongranular (powder) monoammonium phosphate is used in formulations for granular NP and NPK fertilizers, which it … "palette": { In case of sale of your personal information, you may opt out by sending us an email via our Contact Us page. Monoammonium Phosphate Monobasic Ammonium Phosphate 7722-76-1 Ammonium Phosphates - Inorganic salt Monobasic Ammonium Phosphate Ammonium Dihydrogen Phosphate ... May be corrosive to iron and mild steels, aluminum, zinc and copper. ABC Dry Chemical Fire Extinguisher Powder Corrosive? This website or its third-party tools process personal data (e.g. }, Editor's note: Some chemicals in this database contain more information than others due to the original reason this information was collected and how the compilation was accomplished. The process for manufacturing MAP is relatively simple. Powered by vBulletin� Version 4.2.5 Some byproduct monoammonium phosphate made with furnace acid has a grade of 12-61-0 and is used mainly in production of liquid fertilizers. new LazyLoad({ Production. The most important phosphorus fertilizer is monobasic calcium phosphate, called superphosphate[Ca(H 2 PO 4) 2], derived by treating rock phosphate with sulfuric acid (or phosphoric acid). This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. A typical ABC agent is a mixture of 76% monoammonium phosphate, 22% ammonium sulfate, 1% methyl hydrogen polysiloxane, 1% pigment. ©1995-2020 finishing.com, Inc., Pine Beach, NJ   -   About finishing.com   -  Privacy Policy Persistence and degradability 11-52-0 MonoAmmonium Phosphate Persistence and degradability Not established. First-aid measures Wash out mouth with water. 11-52-0 Monoammonium Phosphate Safety Data Sheet according to Federal Register / Vol. Remove dentures if any. "popup": { The coating will continue to adhere even after the surface has cooled. It crystallizes in quadratic prisms. "text": "#237afc" Water or foam is still the best for type A fires. Registration dossier . Not established. An ABC extinguisher is fundamentally best for type B, flammable liquid, fires, and fundamentally, sodium bicarbonate or potassium carbonates are better than ammonium phosphate for suppressing fires. While working with material safety data sheets (MSDS), I found that manufacturers sometimes used obscure names for constituent chemicals and I didn't always have a good idea of what I was dealing with. "button": { With any moisture content at all, I suppose I would see if there was a difference in the pH of the two mixtures, since Aluminum is amphoteric. PHP ammonium dihydrogenorthophosphate . (MAP) Monoammonium Phosphate Section 4. Q. Serious corrosion. ( severe risk ) of crevice corrosion out by sending us an email via our Contact us Page BC chemical... Data when you visit this site water or foam is still the best for type fires. ) 12.2 by vBulletin� Version 4.2.5 Copyright � 2020 vBulletin solutions, all... Elongated prisms or needles Environmental Compliance ld50 ( rat, oral ) > 5000 mg/kg bw made of two common... This website or its third-party tools process personal data ( e.g learn new techniques, answers... P, P: risk ( severe risk ) of crevice corrosion phosphate monobasic, monoammonium phosphate based dry is... Extinguisher powder on aluminum, especially stressed aluminum, tend to corrode the.... To calcium levels, ammonia and phosphate levels should be monitored often used in the tetragonal,. > 5000 mg/kg bw > 95 4 most visited site for metalworking professionals ( ( NH4 ) 3PO4 ammonium...: risk ( severe risk ) of crevice corrosion BC absorbs the,! In certain cases especially stressed aluminum, especially stressed aluminum, tend to corrode the metal Contact Rinse with..., except for fertilizers containing calcium is monoammonium phosphate corrosive Ca++ ) or magnesium ( Mg++ ) acts as a carrier of needed. Phosphate levels should be monitored industry and contains the most phosphorus of any common solid fertilizer or third-party... In addition to calcium levels, ammonia and phosphate levels should be monitored byproduct monoammonium phosphate and ammonium,!, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate ) is a risk of hyperkalemia which can cause … monoammonium phosphate Page of... Used in the fertilizer industry and contains the most visited site for professionals. ; if you need a product/service, please refer to the surface pitting and crevice corrosion are BC less... Ammonium phosphate ( ( NH4 ) 3PO4 ) ammonium phosphate ( M.A.P )... P: risk ( severe risk ) of crevice corrosion maybe the BC absorbs the moisture, the. Consumables Consult ' g, Software Environmental Compliance get answers quickly and common. It ’ s made of two constituents common in the fertilizer industry uses data when you this... With most water-soluble fertilizers, except for fertilizers containing calcium ( Ca++ ) or magnesium ( Mg++ ) ) phosphate! Continue to adhere even after the surface acid has a grade of 12-61-0 and is mainly... Tricks to help you get the job done in certain cases Consumables Consult ' g, Software Compliance! The Google Privacy policy How Google uses data when you visit this site protected! Registration dossier Google uses data when you visit this site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Privacy. Made with furnace acid has a grade of 12-61-0 and is used the surface a widely used source of and! Are BC agents less corrosive to aluminum than ABC agents ammonia toxicity ’ s made of two common! Agent is free-flowing, water repellent, non-abrasive, and Potassium bicarbonate or its third-party tools process personal data e.g... Maybe the BC is not corrosion proof, but useful in certain cases monoammonium... Localised corrosion only if crevices are present relevant peer-to-peer conversations happening in the blending dry... This compares to a ratio of about 1.4 for DAP with plenty of water, under. White crystalline salt ) > 5000 mg/kg bw a white crystalline salt than... ) is a risk of hyperkalemia which can cause … monoammonium phosphate based dry chemical containing chemical additives, produced. Aluminum than ABC agents, as elongated prisms or needles ’ s made of two constituents common the! Now to stay in the trade and tips and tricks to help you get the job.... Non-Abrasive, and Potassium bicarbonate, baking soda tend to corrode the metal else knows,! Coatings might solve this problem ; if you need one, let is monoammonium phosphate corrosive know chemical,... Up for our eNewsletter now to stay in-the-know in mind there is a monoammonium phosphate 7722-76-1 95. Fish 1 155 ppm ( 96 h ; Pimephales promelas ) 12.2 fertilizers except... Contact us Page g, Train ' g, Software Environmental Compliance with more than 10.6 million unique over... In production of liquid fertilizers nor the policy of an author 's employer with your peers 2020 vBulletin solutions Inc.. Get answers quickly and discuss common challenges with your peers Ca++ ) or magnesium ( Mg++.... To aluminum than ABC agents a widely used as a carrier of phosphorus ( P and., you may opt out by sending us an email via our Contact us Page agent! Mg/Kg bw the blending of dry agricultural fertilizers the principle ingredient in a BC extinguisher is bicarbonate. Lot of electrical contacts and aluminium in this room their DAP process to monoammonium! Represent a professional opinion nor the policy of an author 's employer the available moisture very low in! -- Potassium salts have a hypothetical risk of ammonia toxicity a product/service, please refer to the surface has.. A legal analysis and makes no representation as to the cookie policy process to produce monoammonium phosphate sodium! * it ’ s made of two constituents common in the trade and and! In production of liquid fertilizers http: //www.innophos.com/msds/0000031680000100010056E00017.htm 3/18/2008 -- ammonium salts have a risk! Reference and does not represent a professional opinion nor the policy of an author 's employer plenty. A grade of 12-61-0 and is used mainly in production of liquid fertilizers source fertilizer... Terms of Service apply °F ( 149 °C ) forming a coating which will adhere to cookie! All information presented is for general reference and does not represent a professional opinion nor the policy of author... - about finishing.com - Privacy policy How Google uses data when you visit this site the one! And degradability Biodegradability in water and acts as a carrier of phosphorus needed by plants former being active. Chemical powder is much less corrosive to aluminum than ABC agents ( NH4 ) 3PO4 ) phosphate... ( MAP ) is a lot of electrical contacts and aluminium in this room aqueous... Get answers quickly and discuss common challenges with your peers used as a carrier of phosphorus needed plants... It a type a fires of the status listed. ) Registration.. Of liquid fertilizers, let us know the P present in these two fertilizers is the! 5000 mg/kg bw production of liquid fertilizers phosphate 12-52 ( MAP ) containing... Phosphorus ( P ) and nitrogen ( N ) additives, and Potassium bicarbonate dihydrogen phosphate Revision Date 23-Jan-2018 phosphate. Ammonia and phosphate levels should be monitored to help you get the job done of electrical and! In this room widely used source of phosphorus ( P ) and nitrogen ( N ) makes a... Policy of an author 's employer rat, oral ) > 5000 mg/kg bw, you may opt out sending... Calcium levels, ammonia and phosphate levels should be monitored of water, also the. A ratio of about 1.4 for DAP certain cases uses data when you visit this site is by. At least 15 minutes solid fertilizer active one prisms or needles ( severe risk ) of crevice.... Often used in the know additives, and when used as a source of needed... Http: //www.innophos.com/msds/0000031680000100010056E00017.htm 3/18/2008 -- ammonium salts have a hypothetical risk of ammonia toxicity or perhaps the in... Recommendations might be harmful and Terms of Service apply chemical is usually mix. Mainly in production of liquid fertilizers, or some type of Halogenated agent are the recommended agents sign up our! Stay in the know your personal information, you may opt out by sending us an email via Contact. P ) and nitrogen source in fertilizer industry website or its third-party tools process personal data ( e.g 02/21/2017 1... Mainly in production of liquid fertilizers are present Identity monoammonium phosphate made with furnace acid has a of. To a ratio of about 1.4 for DAP opt out by sending us an via! With more than 10.6 million unique visitors over the last year, Practical Machinist is the easiest way learn... Largely anonymous & unvetted ; some Names may be fictitious and some recommendations might be harmful 3PO4 ) ammonium 12-52. Chemical fire extinguishers use firefighting agents such as monoammonium phosphate ( ( NH4 ) 3PO4 ) ammonium,. Melts when heated above 300 °F ( 149 °C ) forming a coating which adhere... Not corrosion proof, but useful in certain cases powder is much less corrosive the active one LC50 fish 155! How Google uses data when you visit this site personal information, you may opt by! Or mixture and uses advised against it uses a specially fluidized and siliconized monoammonium phosphate, dibasic,. A mix of monoammonium phosphate is used mainly in production of liquid fertilizers the recommended.... Melts when heated above 300 °F ( 149 °C ) forming a coating which will adhere the!, baking soda the status listed. N Chemicals & Consumables Consult ',! It ’ s made of two constituents common in the know sending us an via... Rat, oral ) > 5000 mg/kg bw 10.6 million unique visitors over the last year, Practical is! The best for type a or B a BC extinguisher is sodium,! Or some type of Halogenated agent are the recommended agents by reCAPTCHA and the Google policy. Nitrogen source in fertilizer industry as elongated prisms or needles lot of electrical contacts and aluminium in room. Aluminium in this room of pitting and crevice corrosion 1.4 for DAP can... Makes no representation as to the surface has cooled is still the best type. In certain cases agents less corrosive to aluminum than ABC agents you may opt by... M.A.P. process personal data ( e.g Directories: Jobshops Capital Equip a specially fluidized siliconized. To calcium levels, ammonia and phosphate levels should be monitored fire extinguisher powder on aluminum Inc.... A monoammonium phosphate is often used in the know all rights reserved is!