So it doesn’t make much sense to present information in one way and expect every student to learn effectively. It is also a model that guides instructional planning in response to students’ needs. In a differentiated classroom, all students should be working at a level of complexity that is just above their individual comfort levels. In the list below, I’ve summarized these important elements and added a few other practices, such as planning, that are key to differentiating reading instruction successfully. Here is a list of some key principles that form the foundation of differentiating instruction. You would also notice that I use multiple texts for my instructional reading lessons. Of course, with a classroom full of kids, the idea of differentiated instruction may seem daunting. by TeachThought Staff For teachers and administrators, a useful definition of differentiated instruction is “adapting content, process, or product” according to a specific student’s “readiness, interest, and learning profile.” It can be first that of as a matter of contrast–‘differences.’ Differentiated Instruction. Differentiation is a way of teaching; it’s not a program or package of worksheets. View not found. Other times, students work in small groups. Differentiated instruction (sometimes referred to as differentiated learning) involves providing students with different avenues to acquiring content; to processing, constructing, or making sense of ideas; and to developing teaching products so that all students within a classroom can learn effectively, regardless of differences in ability. Not only will these important strategies help students do well on tests, but — even more gratifying — they will make reading joyful and exciting. Differentiated instruction and assessment, also known as differentiated learning or, in education, simply, differentiation, is a framework or philosophy for effective teaching that involves providing all students within their diverse classroom community of learners a range of different avenues for understanding new information (often in the same classroom) in terms of: acquiring … So now we’re going to talk a little bit about what that means. Start here for simple, helpful ways to differentiate your classroom. Tiering asks teachers to adjust class experiences to meet students where they are so students can complete meaningful tasks that move them forward (Tomlinson, 1999; Wormeli, 2005). In it, you’ll find the planning techniques, strategies, and organization and management suggestions I have developed and that my students have helped me refine. There’s the speed of light and the speed of sound. Teachers regularly check in with students to find out what’s working and what isn’t. For example, some of my students might write a paragraph in response to their reading while others create performance and art projects to show what they’ve learned. 6–8, One tip for achieving this is to plan the most complex learning activity first – one that would challenge the most advanced learner in your class. In subsequent chapters of this book, we’ll take a closer look at these elements and explore ways to integrate them into your lessons so you can support every student you teach. What is differentiated instruction? Differentiated instruction is a way of thinking about teaching and learning. Smaller groups make it easier to see who has mastered the lesson goals and has acquired the skills to move on. This writing is critical in a differentiated reading classroom. There’s no way you can ask your principal or teacher friend what it is, right? There are many questions that are just too embarrassing to ask: Do fish pass gas? Here are some seminal books on differentiation. Differentiated instruction is an approach that helps educators tailor their teaching so that all students, regardless of their ability, can learn the classroom material. Teachers regularly check in with students to find out what’s working and what isn’t. But, there’s lots of information that explains how to implement a differentiated curriculum. Characteristics of Differentiated Instruction Differentiated Instruction is Dynamic. That way, the teacher knows where students are, how much they’ve improved, and where they need to be. What you saw in your â€œvisit” to my classroom are practical ways I differentiate to improve my students’ literacy. Learn more about what it means to have differentiated instruction in the classroom. By providing each student with reasonable levels of challenge and instructional scaffolding as needed, students learn that hard work results in successful growth. Differentiated instruction is an educational practice that encourages teachers to understand each student’s unique gifts and challenges, and connect with their interests, aptitudes and learning styles to deliver a more effective education than a so-called “one-size-fits-all” approach. She cautions, however, that differentiated instruction is not individualized instruction. As Carol Ann Tomlinson has said, differentiation means giving students multiple options for taking in information (1999). I invite you to step inside my eighth-grade classroom at the beginning of my reading workshop. That’s where differentiated instruction comes in. Teachers who use differentiated instruction tailor their teaching approach to … Whether they come from middle- and upper-class income levels, from low-income households, from families living in poverty, or from families who are English language learners, 70 percent of adolescent learners will benefit from differentiated instruction. Oh, and yes, fish do pass gas. As we continue to learn more about the learner, we respond by differentiating . Download the PDF from here. Is there a speed of smell? Copyright © 2020. Differentiating by output or finished product means that you can give all students the same content and instruction without customization. What are the ways you differentiate in your classroom? Supporting Multilingual Students in the Early Grades. This question will start your differentiation journey. Assessment and reassessment of students are key. Continually ask, How can this information support change in my teaching practices? Tiering also means that students read different books for instruction because each student reads and learns at his or her instructional reading level. 3–5, Page 1: Defining Differentiated Instruction. Underlying Principles of Differentiated Instruction . That would be frustrating, right? Differentiated instruction for Diana, and for other struggling students, may mean providing a handout with sentence starters or a graphic organizer to help them with constructing meaning. Sure, many students would be able to take in the lesson, but there would be others who would have a hard time because, like those jeans, a different style fits them better. Unfortunately, many times a similar strategy is used in the classroom. Differentiating instruction means that you observe and understand the differences and similarities among students and use this information to plan instruction. Here is a list of some key principles that form the foundation of differentiating instruction. Given the increasing diversity of the student body, teachers are called to appropriately address students’ various learning needs by means of differentiated instruction (DI). instruction with increased precision and effectiveness. Differentiated instruction is a way of teaching that matches a variety of learning styles. Share in the comments! Continually build awareness Tomlinson describes differentiated instruction as factoring students’ individual learning styles and levels of readiness first before designing a lesson plan. HOLIDAY GIVEAWAYS FOR TEACHERS, Classroom Coding & Robotics … Everything You Need to Get Started, Protected: Classroom Talk-to-Text Project, Educators: Here’s What You Need to Know About Vaping, 25 Instant Pot Recipes You Can Make on a School Night, Join the WeAreTeachers Influencer Network. For example, you might include leveled readers, which allow students of different reading abilities to learn about the same subjects and genres; opportunities to explore ideas in small and large groups with students of the same or different learning style and ability; and scheduled breaks for students who learn best when they have time to refocus. First off, students walk the path at their own pace. Unfortunately, this leaves too many students behind instead of moving them forward (Tomlinson, 2002). Ideas, Inspiration, and Giveaways for Teachers. From this list you can see that differentiating instruction asks teachers to continually strive to know and to respond to each students’ needs to maximize learning. No relaxed fit. My experiences with teaching students who are reading below grade level continue to show me that although these students may have difficulty reading, they are capable of inferring, drawing conclusions, and making connections to characters, events, people, and information. Though differentiated instruction has likely been around since the days of the one-room schoolhouse, we started hearing the phrase in earnest during the 1990s, when Carol Ann Tomlinson’s work on the method gained traction. Laura Robb. Differentiation is the way a teacher prepares instruction to meet the needs of all the children in an inclusive classroom, from the most challenged to the most gifted.Differentiating instruction is not only going to help your special education students fully participate, it will also enrich and improve the experience of the general education students. These remain open on their desks, poised to receive students’ thoughts, feelings, and hypotheses. Differentiated instruction. This is the heart of differentiation, and this is the primary reason I have written this book. As Hannah, an eighth grader, noted in her evaluation of instructional and independent reading: â€œGive kids books they can read so they can learn. Differentiated instruction honors students’ diverse backgrounds and learning styles. After a brief warm-up exercise, and a read aloud for enjoyment, I introduce an essential component of my approach to differentiated reading instruction — the teaching read aloud. So it doesn’t make much sense to present information in one way and expect every student to learn effectively. My classroom includes a library of books at varied reading levels because I want students to have lots of opportunities to practice reading with materials that are easy and enjoyable. You know, that phrase that gets whipped around the faculty meeting like a shuttlecock during a badminton match? I’ve included a list of other books you can study that relate to and highlight the need for differentiation. approach that helps educators tailor their teaching so that all students That way, the teacher knows where students are, how much they’ve improved, and where they need to be. I want you also to understand why educators like Carol Ann Tomlinson, Richard Allington, and I strongly believe that instruction in reading should be differentiated. Right now, too many middle schools place students in a curriculum in which everyone reads the same text and completes the same assignments. Learn more. Differentiated Instruction (DI) is a teaching strategy teachers adopt to attend to student diversity in inclusive classrooms. Kind of? That is exactly why we don’t cover and move on. Just as people have different body types, they have different learning styles and abilities. You know your principal can’t stop saying it. To be certain that I am reaching every student in my class, I use the read aloud to model how I apply reading strategies and to show students how to use questioning, discussion, and writing to build comprehension and new understandings while reading (Beck & McKeown, 1997, 2006; Robb, 2000, 2003). To address our students’ various learning needs, as teachers, we have to proactively take extensive planning and preparation. Reading students’ writing helps me know what students understand and where they need more support. For example, you might include. To deepen your understanding, let me share information with you that explains this strong commitment to differentiated learning. For example, a lesson on fractions might include traditional instruction on the whiteboard, pictures with visual representations of fractions, and, perhaps, pool noodles for students who need a hands-on experience. Then modify that activi… The concept of differentiated instruction has been around a while, but it increasingly gets more attention. for simple, helpful ways to differentiate your classroom. an art collage on Ben Franklin’s inventions? All rights reserved. Second, teachers provide flexible learning options. At The Tenney School, we take differentiated instruction to its foundation by creating an environment that places one student with one teacher. Teaching up means raising the ‘ceiling’ for all students. Add a diet of tough textbooks and less time for reading instruction to this diminished interest in personal reading, and the result is far too many students reading below grade level, struggling to learn. Our memories of undifferentiated classrooms probably include the blue- bird, cardinal, and buzzard reading groups. In addition, I use it as a catalyst to raise students’ awareness of issues and to build background knowledge. Mr. Shelton learns that differentiated instruction is an approach whereby teachers adjust their curriculum and instruction to maximize the learning of all students: average learners, English language learners, struggling students, students with learning disabilities, and gifted and talented students. Differentiation is the educational practice of modifying or adapting instruction, school materials, subject content, class projects, and assessment methods to better meet the needs of diverse learners. differentiated definition: 1. clearly different from others: 2. Differentiated instruction is the way in which a teacher anticipates and responds to a variety of students' needs in the classroom. Differentiated instruction allows us to give students the support they need instead of lumping them together in one big group. There are many opportunities for students to discuss the books we are reading. With differentiation, teachers recognize their students as individuals with varying needs and provide them with more options for learning. 9–12. TM ® & © 2016 Scholastic Inc. All Rights Reserved. Research on the effectiveness of differentiation shows this method benefits a wide range of students, from those with learning disabilities to those who are considered high ability. Within each group, members read the same book, and again they explore issues and practice the strategies I’ve modeled during the read-aloud lessons. Just the same jeans on every rack. It may mean providing extra time to complete an assignment, giving directions again, reducing the length of an assignment, or offering alternate assignments or projects altogether. Besides, it would be a ridiculous approach to selling jeans. Typically, a buzzard remained a buzzard, and a cardinal was forever a cardinal. Sure, many students would be able to take in the lesson, but there would be others who would have a hard time because, like those jeans, a different style fits them better. That’s okay. No slim. Each student completes the same amount of work. Third, teachers give students options for showing what they’ve learned: How about a book report, a group-written play, or an art collage on Ben Franklin’s inventions? It later came to greater prominence with No Child Left Behind. These are the important strategies that all students — not just proficient readers — need. 1  In a differentiated classroom, teachers recognize that all students are different and require varied teaching methods to be successful. High school students in the lowest 25 percent of their class are 20 times more likely to drop out of school than excellent and proficient learners (Carnevale, 2001). Sometimes, I use a whole-class instructional approach, where each students is reading a different text while exploring an issue or practicing the application of a reading strategy that I have modeled in my read aloud. When I provide them with books at their instructional levels, they also know that they can analyze and think while they read. This article was excerpted from Differentiating Reading Instruction by Laura Robb. What is differentiated instruction? Unfortunately, many times a similar strategy is used in the classroom. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION? That’s why the first job students complete is passing out their response journals. To ask: do fish pass gas improve learning same pair on every.! Prominence with no Child Left behind certain body type looking for a particular style would be ridiculous! Relate to and highlight the need for differentiation of learners students’ awareness of issues and build. 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