The reason for confessing sins to the priest are: Made in God’s image and endowed with creaturely freedom and autonomy, man seeks God and reflects on His being and nature. Who has the Right to administer this Sacrament (John 1:33; 4:1, 2), In the same manner we can say that it is not the minister who performs the sacraments, but God who works in him, with him, and through Him. Bob Marley’s Christian Baptism in Ethiopian Orthodox Church The incident that probaly caused the major divide between many in the Rastafarian community and the Ethiopian Orthodox Church was the baptism of Bob Marley into the church before he died. (Romans 16: 1) And when writing to Timothy he said, “Let not a widow be taken into the number (into the list) under threescore years old, having been the wife of one man.” (1 Tim. X. Baptism of Blood “Let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. (1) The oil with which the sick person is anointed. In accordance with such writings of the Holy Scriptures, the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church baptizes male infants at the age of 40 days and female infants at the age of 80 days, (Lev. 7:15). 2. 2. It was said of Judas Iscariot “after the sop Satan entered into him. It has been expounded by the fathers of the Church both in the ancient councils and in their teaching. Let a man examine himself, and so eat of the Bread and drink of the Cup. When instituting the sacrament, our Lord said: “This is my blood which is given (sacrificed) for you. “ ( 1 Pet. However, the Church of Ethiopia does not agree with the view that the Christian’s concern is only to work for the welfare of man in this world. (1 Tim. This is incarnation by which God the Father who created the world through God the Son and perfects it through God the Holy Spirit, manifests through the Son His saving work for the world and completes it in the Holy Spirit. The sacrament also involves a liturgy of prayer and anointing with oil. a. John Chryksostom says: “The Evangelist in saying ‘Then came the day of unleavened bread when the Passover must be killed’ does not mean that it had already come but that it was at hand, and refers to the beginning of that day, because every day begins at the previous evening.”, b. Certain prayers are set for each sacrament to ask for the blessing of the Holy Ghost. (3) The Deacon: The saving work accomplished by God in the Incarnation should, therefore, be assimilated and perfected in both these dimensions. 2012/2013 Ethiopian Orthodox Church Calendar(2005 E.C.) And the healing power is not attributed to the oil but to the prayer: “ Let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord: and the prayer of faith shall save the sick.” Thus salvation is a present reality which has a future reference. (b) In order that it may serve as a cure to his soul. Nevertheless, to avoid fornication, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have her own husband. Our Lord offered a visible sacrifice on the cross while in the Holy Communion He offers and invisible one under the form of bread and wine. 1. The Holy Communion (2) And according to the power given to them by the Lord those Apostles appointed bishops, priests and deacons in the churches which they established as will be seen afterwards. 11:23-25), IV. Baptism and Chrismation. (1) This is the crowing service of the Christian Church, the culmination of Christian worship, the summit of Christian experience where devout believers hold intimate communion with their living Lord. Then He repeats the same words used by the Savior when He instituted the sacrament. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.”(Matt 28: 18, 19). In the Incarnation, God the Son united to Himself real and perfects manhood. 1. 5: 9) some think that the Apostle mans here the list of those who were deaconesses in the church. II. He that eateth of this bread shall live forever. He cured the blind with His spittle and gave us the Holy Spirit by receiving the spittle of the unclean. (3) If the parents wanted to obtain a baptismal certificate, they would have to (attempt) to do so at the local Ethiopian Orthodox Church where the child was baptized or request from an EOTC bishop. 10: 17) Or with Isaac who was older than Jacob, but the Father is not older than the Son, neither is the Son older than the Holy Spirit, and the Holy Spirit is not younger than the Son, neither is the Son younger than His Father. The baptismal experience is often considered the fundamental Christian experience. God is the Creator of all that exists. Thus God the Son united to Himself the manhood taken from the human mother and was born as perfect God and perfect man in the real sense. Christian Kings in Christian countries are anointed with holy oil in order that they may receive special blessings of the Holy Ghost to help them with the wisdom and guidance of God in performing their duties. (a) In order that the sinner can recognize how grave his sin is. 9:1) The salvation of the wold, therefore, required pre-eminently the healing of man. What therefore God hath joined together, lt not man put asunder.” (Matt. terrify him with the day of judgement. In any case, the Church of Ethiopia does not think that its mission is to build up exclusively a city in this world. In the Greek Orthodox baptism, the individual is tonsured (the cutting of the hair) but is not in the Roman Catholic service. Ethiopia’s calendar differs from both the Coptic and Julian calendars; the difference between the Coptic and the Ethiopian calendar is 276 years. In the first month, on the 14th day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even. As regards the Incarnation, it is clearly shown that He was conceived in the Virgin’s womb, and that He was born as a real man. “But we have an unction from the Holy one, and we know all things. (3) But before taking the Holy Communion the believer must prepare himself for it beforehand. This was also the custom in the Old Testament when Kings of Israel had to be anointed at the hands of the prophets. Ordination of the Clergy 2. (2) Mutual help between husband and wife. 1: 6) This gift is given by the Holy Ghost who alone can help the minister to perform his duties. ST. Paul wrote to Timothy saying : “Be thou an example of the believers, in word, in conversation in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity.” (1 Tim. God the Son came to us “without being separated from His Godhead.” After being born, “He grew like an infant, and grew little by little until He matured like a man. 13: 4) “For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication: that everyone …. When Simon offered money for the sake of obtaining one of God’s gifts. 3: 13-16) “In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ. (1 Cor. The differences between this sacrifice and that which was offered on the Cross are: (John 6: 53,57) “And Jesus, when He was baptized went up straightway out of the water.”(Matt.3:16) Our Lord Jesus Christ Himself instituted this sacrament after His resurrection when He said: “All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. 1. (1) The bread should be made of pure wheat, and should be leavened, because the sacrament was instituted at a time when all the Jews were using leavened bread. For the first and last time in Old Testament it was said that there were offerings of bread and wine. Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. The two natures of Godhead and manhood which came into union in Him continue in the one Christ, each in its absolute integrity and perfection with its respective properties, without change or division. I. He (St. John) also confirms that it is not a symbol, but the real and blood of the Son of God. Photo in public domain FRIDAY, JANUARY 20: Two weeks after the Ethiopian Orthodox Christmas, a holiday of vibrant velvets, sequins, satins, and supreme joy sweeps through the country in a three-day festival known as Timkat.The Ethiopian Orthodox celebration of Epiphany recalls the baptism of Jesus in the Jordan River, with a Divine Liturgy taking place at 2 a.m. near a natural pool of water. Written in Ge’ez, an ancient dead language of Ethiopia, it’s nearly 800 years older than the King James Version and contains 81-88 books compared to 66. The judge of judges was judges by them. Baptism: Baptism is performed by immersing the baby three times in sanctified water. “This forgiveness can never be granted through mere oil. But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.” Holy Spirit: The Holy Spirit is one of the persons of the Trinity, who proceeds from the Father and is one in essence with the Father. Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, David, etc. Though the Lord did not baptize, and baptism was left to the disciples, yet it was said that it was He who baptized. (2) The Passover which the children of Israel offered on the night of their going out of Egypt, and which they used to offer ever year. And He said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him, The master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the Passover at thy house with my disciples. Who has the Right to Baptize. When the prodigal son returned to his father he was at once pardoned and accepted because the father was sure that he would not return to that far country. 3. (1) Before ordination. (2) The prayers which are offered to God for healing the sick. Membership Worshiping Bible Study for Children's Baptism (Christening) Wedding/Engagement Counseling Memorial Service Funeral Prayer Prayer Request. It should be instituted by Christ Himself. The second passage affirms that “marriage is pure, and childbirth is undefiled, because God created Adam and Eve to multiply.” This is a clear statement which shows that in the faith of the Church of Ethiopia, human society is of divine creation, so that the social, economic political and other such ties of man are divinely instituted. The Institution of the Sacrament For my flesh is meat indeed and my blood is drink indeed.” (John 6: 35,55). 3; Tit. Definition But it was given 10 priests because they are in direct contact with the congregation, THE SACRAMENT OF MATRIMONY While Thou was God able to prevent them, thou didst not prevent them, Thou didst become patient even to death; all this thou didst accept for the love of man. 3: 20, 21) Up Next. In this teaching, our church is in accordance with the ancient churches; such as Alexandrian, Syrian, Armenian, and Indian Orthodox Churches. > > ድጓ ዘቤተ ልሔም - ምዕራፍ - መዋሥዕት ያዳምጡ . Powered by Knownhost and the Genesis Framework. He creates all things; He sustains them; and He guides them to a final destiny. Tim. 12: 2). Before using it for anointing the sick, it should be consecrated through certain prayers. Prerequisites and restrictions. As creation is the work of God, redemption is also God’s work. Origen said: “The Apostles handed over to the church the tradition of baptizing babies also because babies are baptized for the remission of sins to be washed of the inherited sin.” It was said: “Baptizing babies is and Apostolic tradition.” In the Apostolic Tradition we read: “ They shall baptize the little children first. 16:25). The Christian’s ultimate concern in life is not understood in terms merely of the hope for a blessed life in the world to come. Tempting Him, and saying unto Him “Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife for every cause?” His answer was “Have ye not read, that He which made them at the beginning made them male and female, and said. 4: 12) 1: 21,22). It is affirmed that “the father, being Father, doth not give orders to the Son; and the Son, being Son, is not exalted; and the Holy Spirit is equal. 2. (2). But the Savior began to convince them of the reality of that teaching, and said to them; “Doth this offend you? He is, affirms the Anaphora, “three names and one God, three prosopa and one appearance, three persons and one essence”. 3. This concept is known as səllasé, Ge'ez for "Trinity". But if we judged ourselves truly, we should not be judged’ (1 Cor. Fr. (2) The matrimonial service which the priest performs, and through which he asks for the divine grace for the bridegroom and the bride. The anointing which we have received of Him abides in you and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in Him.” (1 John 2:20, 27), “Now He which establisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.” Gal. 5: 28-29). For baptism to be valid it must both use the proper wording, "In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost," and be done with orthodox … “Let the elders (priests) that rule well be counted worthy of double honour.” (1 Tim. But if they cannot, let them marry, for it is better to marry an to burn.” (1 Cor. Buried with Him in baptism.” (Col.2:11,12) Blameless, in order to be good examples to the congregation. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. So the priest who celebrates the Anaphora of St. John says in prayer, “But thy living Holy Spirit knoweth the depth of Thy Godhead. Calvin, one of their most prominent leaders, said; “If any one inquire of me respecting the manner, I shall not be ashamed to acknowledge that it is a mystery too sublime for me to be able to express or even to comprehend; and to be still more explicit, I rather experience it than understand it. The Mystery of the Resurrection He that eateth me, even he shall live by me. Human Salvation In addition to all this, it may be worthy mentioning to state that this number of perfection. Besides, traders, farmers and craftsmen, as well as those in need, sickness or oppression are specially remembered. “As my Father hath send me, even so send I you. The priest who celebrates using the first of these two Anaphora’s says in prayer: O Lord, Thou wast struck with the hands of a servant, beaten with sticks, pierced with a spear, and they caused Thee to drink a little gall with vinegar. This right was primarily confined to the Apostles, From them it was conveyed to the bishops, their successors, But owing to the difficulties of travel and the impossibility of the bishops being able to confirm all over large dioceses, the custom arose of the bishops blessing the oil, and then allowing the priests to anoint with the oil, and so convey the blessing of the bishops. For any one who eats and drinks without discerning the body, eats and drinks judgment upon himself. It is affirmed that He is God the Son in His incarnate state. (3) After Marriage:- 1: 6), and priests (1 Tim. “The One was not before the Other”, says the Anaphora, “and the Second was not before the Third.” But “we proclaim that the Father lived with His Son, and that the Son lived with His Father before creation, and before the heavens and the earth were made.”, In the one co-eternal and co-equal Trinity, the Father is the eternal source if the Son and the Holy Spirit. In reply we state the following: Maintaining this union in the most inward and real sense, He entered into our battle with sin and evil as a man, and fell a victim to our death. 3. By virtue of baptism, they participate in this promise now. The flesh and blood of Christ The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church is one of the very ancient ‘Oriental Orthodox Churches’. Whenever they are spoken of as bread and wine this is as concerning them before prayer.” The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahdo Ethiopia religion Church has five pillars of mystery, the holy trinity, incarnation, mystery of baptism, the mystery of holy communion, the mystery of the resurrection. (1) The offerings which Melchisedec offered. All these are manifestation at different levels of the same activity of God in relation to the world. 5. 4:1) And it was not clearly and definitely mentioned in the Bible that Christ instituted this sacrament or some other sacraments, it was because many things were done by Him and were not written. John Chrysostom says that it was exactly the same as the baptism of John the Baptist. “ (Matt. Eastern Orthodox believe that during the Eucharist adherents partake mystically of Christ's body and blood and through it receive his life and strength. (5) Even the Protestant historians stated that “when the early Christians were seriously sick, they used to call the Priests of the church, and after confessing their sins they were anointed with oil by them.” Inside, two concentric aisles encircle the central square sanctuary, the central part of the More over when giving the cup, He expressly ordered that all of us should drink of it. “When Pilate therefore heard that saying be brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. There is also another equally important emphasis regarding divine unity. 5: 22) and deacons (Acts 6: 6) By attending the marriage feast at Cana of Galilee (John 2). The unity of God is confessed as the unity of Godhead – Melekote as the word is used in Ethiopia. “I will glorify those who glorify me.” (1 Sam. (2) And St. James, in his Epistle, says (5: 14, 15) “Is any sick man among you? It was said in the “Orders of the Apostles” that “the deacon is the bishop’s eyes and ears”. “male and female He created them. The Holy Communion. A word in conclusion He was crucified on the tree to destroy sin, was crucified with the sinner to control with the righteous. There are two visible signs in this sacrament: (1) the bread & wine (2) the service of mass, especially those prayers through which the Holy Ghost descends upon the bread and wine changing them into the body and blood of the Lord. But the fact of evil in it is admitted, both in the natural realm and in the moral realm. It pleased our Lord to institute this sacrament on a very momentous occasion. - In order to get through him absolution from all his sins. This world and our lives in it are nothing but transitory. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body.” (1 Cor. (1) There are seven sacraments: baptism, confirmation, penance, Holy Communion, unction of the sick, matrimony, and holy orders. The dead who were raised on the crucification day of the Lord. The prisoner was generally released before the feast, in order to keep it with his household. 3: Tit 1 and other places the Bible gives detailed instructions for the choice of bishops. The Invisible Grace. “(Luke 3:3) and had no power of rebirth. But do not hasten to cut any member. In 1986, the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church in Toronto ,with its 500 registered members, acquired a modest property located at 425 Vaughan Road. Some churches say that it should be delayed till the babies grow to the age of maturity. There are a number of affirmations in the Anaphora regarding Him, some of which may be noted here. It was he who appointed the twelve Apostles and the seventy disciples. 2:38). According to Acts 8:27, this Ethiopian was a Eunuch of great authority under Candace, the Queen of Ethiopia. 2. VII. Definition Prayers are also offered for those who have fallen in any manner of sin. In is this saving work of God that is represented in every celebration of the Holy Eucharist, which is not merely a memorial service to commemorate the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. “That your sacrifice may be pure.” This sacrifice is identified with “the pure offering” of Malachi 1: 11, (The Early History of the Liturgy by J.H. If either of them dies, the other can marry. 13:10 refers also to the Christian altar. In answer it is sufficient to say that St. James speaks of this unction not as a special privilege given to the Apostles but as a sacrament to be always administered b the priests. 11: 28, 29), II. (Luke 1: 15) This I say in order that no one should doubt of the legality of ordinances celebrated if he examines the priest’s life because every thing depends upon the power of God who alone grants the race through the sacrament performed. It has been used since the very beginning of the church. Few words from the Holy Scriptures that testify Baptism “Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit” (Mt. “Truly truly, I say to you, it was not Moses who gave you the bread from heaven. In the former times there was a degree of “deaconess.” Her function was to serve the women in the Church, keep good order in the place allowed for them in the church and anoint the bodies of women at the sacrament of confirmation after being anointed by the priest only on their forheads. The Incarnation (St. Athnasius), The Mystery of Baptism 4: 14) “Therefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in thee by the putting on of my hands.” (2 Tim. , eternally Son, and eternally Holy Spirit. “Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward.” (1 Sam. 1. Since the 16th century ca., in Ethiopia, we can find round churches and rectangular churches. He became hungry as man, and granted food to many with very little bread. 23:1-3), 5. Peter, who denied the Lord three times, and in a very shameful way, was pardoned. And when Paul had laid his hands upon them the Holy Ghost came on them.” (Acts 19: 5,6), The laying on of hands was afterwards replace by the unction of the holy oil (mairoun). And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed them; and they made ready the Passover. This is the highest degree. 8. There are three outward signs in this sacrament: The Acts of the Apostles describe Philip the Evangelist baptizing an Ethiopian official, laying the foundations for what would become the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church. III. But because Christianity was soon spread, the bishops could not go to all towns and villages to celebrate the sacrament. His repentance; “Then Peter said unto them, Repent and be baptized everyone of you in the name of Jesus Christ.” (Acts 2:38 ) Orthodox Church in America 2012 . Based on this example, Jesus Christ, who is the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world has founded the Mystery of the Holy Communion by offering. Salvation is a present experience consisting in man’s complete confidence and communion with God as well as his perfect peace and harmony with his fellow beings. It was the custom that the governor should release unto the people at the feast time a prisoner whom they liked. The Visible Sign. Two African American clergy who were ordained by Abune Yesehaq, the Archbishop of the diocese of the Western hemisphere, served Ethiopian and non-Ethiopian Orthodox Christians. Old Golden Grove Road Arouca Trinidad W.I. We believe that, after prayer, the bread and wine are spiritually changed into the body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ. The one Godhead is shared equally and eternally by the three Persons – Akal as they are referred to in Ethiopia. It includes the Book of Enoch, Esdras, Buruch and all three books of Maccabees, and a host of others that were excommunicated from the KJV. © In order that others may fear, and do not commit the same sins or the like. V. The Kind of sin that can be forgiven The Theophany or the Baptism of Christ (Tuba 11, c. January 19) Palm Sunday The Feast of the Resurrection: It is preceded by the Great Lent (55 days) … Form Him the same Godhead is received in perfection by the Son through His eternal generation; and from the Father again the same Godhead in perfection is derived eternally by the Holy Spirit. The eternal and triune God who is beyond time and space has created the world in time and space. The signs are the dipping into water three times, and the words said by the minister; “I baptize thee in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost” Of all the sacraments it is the first, because it is considered as the door through which the believer enters the church and the kingdom of grace according to what was said by the Lord: “Except a man be born of water and of the spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.” (John 3: 5). “For I have received of the Lord which also I deliver unto you, that the Lord Jesus the same night in which He was betrayed took bread and when He had given thanks, he break it, and said Take eat; this is my body, which is broken for you; this do in remembrance of me. The Council of Nicaca reported: “We should not look at the bread and cup on the holy table as if they were mere bread and cup on the holy table as if they were mere bread and wine, but we must lift up the mind beyond the sense, and perceive by faith that the lamb of God who taketh away the sin of the world rests here, slain by the priests, and that they are partaking of the very body of the Lord and His very blood.” “Go ye therefore, and teach all nations baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.” (Matt. Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the spirit he can not enter the kingdom of God.” (John 3:5). In his confession of repentance he must declare also that he has rejected Satan and all his works. (2) Through this sacrament we eat the blessed flesh of our Lord and drink His precious blood under the form of bread and wine. For this reason the Church of Jerusalem “sent unto them Peter and John, who, when they were come down, prayed for them, that they might receive the Holy Ghost. the laying on of hands. b) The Church also constitutes a spiritual unit of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, accepting and abiding by its religious teachings and spiritual rules with respect to matters of FAITH, WORSHIP AND CREED. The church through the ages has regarded this sacrament as the supreme act of communal worship. III. Coptic Christian Beliefs . When St. Matthew and St. Mark said that the Lord instituted this sacrament on the first day of the feast of unleavened bread, they meant to say that He instituted it on Friday (which began on the evening of Thursday) the feast of Passover, which was to be followed by the seven days of unleavened bread and which was often called the first day of the unleavened bread (Luke 22:7) This concern is giving expression to in the Anaphora’s of the Church of Ethiopia by including prayers for all these areas of life in the world. He that eateth my flesh and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him.” (John 6:53, 56) For this reason it is very essential that every Christian should take the Holy Communion from time to time, at least once or twice or three times a year, if not every week. Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth.” (Genesis 1: 27, 28) This sing marked them out as recipients of the covenant blessings of God. (2) To help the husband and wife to keep themselves united together and unseparated, just as they unity of Christ with the church is everlasting. Baptism is normally performed by the three-fold immersion of a person in the name of the Holy Trinity; in other words, a person is immersed "in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit," with one immersion at the mention of each person of the Holy Trinity. And the priest is considered a spiritual physician to treat all the diseases of penitents. The Mission of The Orthodox Church in America, the local autocephalous Orthodox Christian Church, is to be faithful in fulfilling the commandment of Christ to “Go into all the world and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit…” 9. (1) To sanctify the matrimonial union and make it a spiritual one. The sacrament of penance is called a spiritual medicine. Requirements Prior to the Baptism 1. By His reaching. (2) The words of absolution spoken by the priest over the penitent. VI. They also prescribe specific rules for who may receive communion and dedicate their church buildings to patron saints. 3: 21) This is a circular church. Why the Holy Communion is called Mystery is that by partaking of the visible Bread and Wine, we attain to invisible heavenly blessings and eternal life. The Church as a body should stand for the realization of these rights. The same Christ, God the Son incarnate, expressed the divine actions as well as the human. (2) It was the custom, in the previous centuries for all believers to take the Holy Communion every week, bearing in mind the words of the Lord: “Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man and drink His blood, ye have no life in you. 2. And the seventh Council asserts that “the un bloody sacrifice which is offered in remembrance of the sufferings of the Savior and the blessed incarnation was never called by anyone of the Holy Apostles or the forefathers, the form of Christ’s body, neither were they taught to proclaim the same, but they heard Him saying ‘Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink His blood, ye have no life in you. (1 Cor. (Acts 8-17), (6) The Bible appointed certain conditions which should be observed when choosing the bishops, and other conditions when choosing the deacons. “Matrimony is honorable in all, and the bed undefiled.” (Heb. Each action in the Sacrament of Baptism expresses what Christ is actually doing for us through this Sacrament. Matrimony I assurance of the fathers said that there is a privilege that requires commitment. In 34 AD at baptism was from heaven, and we know all things Thou didst set bounds.” also save! 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