History of English - a brief introduction - Raymond Hickey English Linguistics University of Duisburg and Essen. It was the spoken and written language of the first men and women from Britain to settle in the Americas; and it was a language that went round the world with England's early traders, commercial adventurers and missionaries. By adopting and adapting French words, the English language also became more sophisticated through the inclusion of concepts and words like “liberty” and “justice”. It is an epic poem which throws light on a young warrior in … [2] Stumpf, John (1970). These words are the result of two historical factors. Quirks and inconsistencies aside, the history surrounding its monumental rise is both a fascinating and rich one, and while we promise to be brief, you just might pick up a thing or two that may stimulate your interest in studying English with us here at Oxford International English Schools. The English arrive at Jamestown. summary. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. This brings to mind a colleague’s lisp and I take to wondering: if this were a few hundred years ago, and we were in medieval Britain, could we have imagined that a speech defect would bring about the amazing changes modern history is now looking back on? [6] http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chancery-standard. But there are many other varieties of English around the world, including for example Australian English, New Zealand English, Canadian English, South African English, Indian English and Caribbean English. You get the idea. The Anglo-Saxon age comprises about 600 years.Beowoulf is one of the most important works of that age. English Paul Roberts (1) No understanding of the English language can be very satisfactory without the notice of the history of the language. At that time the … While scientific and technological discoveries were some of the benefits that could be shared, colonial Britain saw this as a way to not only teach their language but impart their culture and traditions upon societies they deemed as backward, especially those in Africa and Asia. The idea may have backfired as the English language walked away with a large number of foreign words that have now become part and parcel of the English language e.g. Master English with our range of language courses in the USA, Canada and the UK, Don’t hesitate to get in touch by phone or email, Find out more about Oxford International Education Group. [5]  Robert DeMaria, Jr., Heesok Chang, Samantha Zacher (eds. A Short History of Jamestown. Brief History of English and American Literature 9. London: Forum House Publishing Company. If one endevours to study various English language courses taught today, we would find almost no immediate similarities between Modern English and Old English. After this date, the clerks started using a dialect that sounded as follows: As you can see, the above is starting to sound more like the present-day English language we know. Late Modern English has many more words, arising from two principal factors: firstly, the Industrial Revolution and technology created a need for new words; secondly, the English-speaking world was at the center of a lot of scientific progress, scientific advances went hand-in-hand with the evolution of the language. Whatever you fancy, these authors, poets and playwrights bring to life more than just words on a page. An Outline of English Literature; Anglo-Saxon and Middle English Literature. Syntax is “the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language,” and we find that while the British government and its wealthy citizens Anglicised the language, Norman and French influences remained the dominant language until the 14th century. Four possible opening sentences to a summary of "A Brief History of English." This necessitated new words for things and ideas that had not previously existed. English is in a constant state of flux. The English Renaissance has much quieter foundations than its pan-European cousin, the Italian Renaissance, and sprouted during the end of the 15th century. Last Modern English (1800 – Present): The main difference between Early Modern English and Late Modern English is vocabulary. p.157. Mostly, the rise of English to its position as the world's main international language was a result of chance. This period was a time of great changes in government Henry VIII was a typical Renaissance prince: a poet, musician, fine horseman and lover of the arts. It was through his various works that the English language was more or less “approved” alongside those of French and Latin, though he continued to write up some of his characters in the northern dialects. It was associated with the rebirth of societal and cultural movements, and while slow to gather steam during the initial phases, it celebrated the heights of glory during the Elizabethan Age. Meanwhile, back home, the English Civil War, starting mid-17th century, brought with it political mayhem and social instability. History of the English Language The Importance of the Language: It is the means by which man communicates his thoughts and feeling to the others. The second was the British Empire. Examples of brief summary in a sentence, how to use it. Why it’s useful to do a CAE or FCE English course? To become what it is today it has been through a series of changes in the course of history.English is commonly divided into three main periods; Old English, middle English and modern. A Brief History of English Literature. In 1607, 104 English men and boys arrived in North America to start a settlement. English literature is a hundred years old and continues to be the most popular course of study in high schools and institutions of higher learning. This dramatic increase in new words is largely due to technology, and how people spontaneously coin new words in their email and text transmissions that spread quickly and efficiently via social media. King Louis XIV (1638–1715): Louis XIV succeeded to the French throne as a minor in 1642 and ruled until 1715; for many contemporaries, he was the only monarch they ever knew.Louis was the apogee of French absolutist rule and the pageantry and success of his reign earned him the epithet ‘The Sun King’. The end of the 16th century brought about the first complete translation of the Catholic Bible, and though it didn’t make a markable impact, it played an important role in the continued development of the English language, especially with the English-speaking Catholic population worldwide. If you continue we assume that you consent to receive these cookies. Caxton’s publishing of Thomas Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur (the Death of Arthur) is regarded as print material’s first bestseller. Functional cookies help to perform certain functionalities like sharing the content of the website on social media platforms, collect feedbacks, and other third-party features. 2. The king's inability to communicate well with his government and subjects led him to appoint a de facto Prime Minister in the person of Robert Walpole (1676-1745). At that time the inhabitants of Britain spoke a Celtic language. Ever wondered how English with approximately 750,000 words came to be the wonderfully expressive and multifaceted language it is today? He presented his arguments with the use of chronological events examples of different word use, and major changes tracing back to the Anglo-Saxons. 4 ] McWhorter, our Magnificent Bastard Tongue, 2008, pp spearheaded by William Shakespeare the basic and... 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